Las Dos Fases Ideológicas en la Novela de Palacio Valdés Page: 2
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It attempts to prove that his work was influenced not only "by
the outside currents, but also by the personal life of the man.
In the second chapter, the author's realistic-naturalistic
phase is discussed: in order to do this, five of his novels are
analyzed, thus showing the tendencies and characteristics, of
Realism and Naturalism as found in them. Marta y Maria is a
realistic novel which shows the harmfulness of religious excess,
of quixotism in religion. Nothing base or repulsive is found in
the work; it is realistic rather than naturalistic in character.
Maximina is an autobiographical novel which is inspired by the
life of the author's wife and her early death.
Saddened by the sudden death of his young wife and influen-
ced by the literary currents of Naturalism, particularly the
precept that a novel must be based on close observation and
study, Palacio Valdes published La espuma, La fe and El
Maestrante, the most crude and base of all of his novels. La
espuma portrays and satirizes the rotteness of the high society
in Madrid at the time of the Restoration. La fe traces the
religious doubts assailing a priest. These last three novels
all bear evidence of French naturalistic Influence to a greater
degree than the rest of the author's works.
In Chapter III the transitional period is discussed. Due
to tie idealistic currents which were dispersed throughout
Europe in the last decade of the nineteenth century, Palacio
Valdes tried to surpass his naturalistic conception of the
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Rodriguez, Aurora C. Las Dos Fases Ideológicas en la Novela de Palacio Valdés, thesis, August 1972; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164024/m1/2/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .