An ecological measure to screen executive functioning in Multiple Sclerosis: the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°

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This article's aim was to compare the efficiency of the Picture Interpretation Test 360° (PIT 360°) with traditional measures on executive dysfunction in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) and Healthy Controls (HC). Overall, the PIT 360° was concluded to be a quick, sensitive, and ecological tool that captures real-world executive dysfunction in PwMS. This engaging measure is sensitive for the detection of executive deficits since the early phases of the disease.

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8 p.

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Realdon, Olivia; Serino, Silvia; Savazzi, Federica; Rossetto, Federica; Cipresso, Pietro; Parsons, Thomas D. et al. April 5, 2019.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: UNT Scholarly Works and was provided by the UNT Center for Psychosocial Health Research to the UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 26 times. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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UNT Center for Psychosocial Health Research

The Center for Psychosocial Health Research is a multidisciplinary group that draws upon anthropology, behavioral medicine, education, psychology, public health, and sociology to pioneer research on psychosocial phenomena involved in healthy living. In addition to pursuing basic research on wellness within a chronic illness context, the Center provides psychoeducational services to communities in the DFW area and comprehensive learning experiences for students.

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  • Main Title: An ecological measure to screen executive functioning in Multiple Sclerosis: the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°
  • Alternate Title: An ecological measure to screen executive functioning in MS: the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°

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Description

This article's aim was to compare the
efficiency of the Picture Interpretation Test 360° (PIT 360°) with traditional measures on executive
dysfunction in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) and Healthy Controls (HC). Overall, the PIT 360° was concluded to be a quick, sensitive, and ecological tool that captures real-world executive dysfunction in PwMS. This engaging measure is sensitive for the detection of executive deficits since the early phases of the disease.

Physical Description

8 p.

Notes

Abstract: Executive functions are crucial for performance of everyday activities. In Multiple Sclerosis (MS),
executive dysfunctions can be apparent from the early onset of the disease. Technology-based timeefficient
and resource-saving tools for early evaluation of executive functions using an ecological
approach are needed to assess functional performance in real-life. The aim was to compare the
efficiency of the Picture Interpretation Test 360° (PIT 360°) with traditional measures on executive
dysfunction in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) and Healthy Controls (HC). Participants
were 31 patients with Relapsing-Remitting MS (mean age = 44.323 ± 13.149; mean Expanded
Disability Status Scale = 2) and 39 HC (mean age = 39.538 ± 15.728). All were tested with standard
neuropsychological tests of executive functions, PIT 360°, and measures of user experience. While
standard neuropsychological tests failed to differentiate between PwMS and HC group, the PIT 360°
was successful in detecting executive dysfunction in PwMS. All participants reported the PIT 360° to be
an engaging tool and endorsed positive reactions to their experience. Overall, the PIT 360° is a quick,
sensitive, and ecological tool that captures real-world executive dysfunction in PwMS. This engaging
measure is sensitive for the detection of executive deficits since the early phases of the disease.

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  • Scientific Reports, 2019, Basingstoke, United Kingdom: Nature Publishing Group, p. 1- 8

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  • Pages: 8
  • Page Start: 1
  • Page End: 8
  • Volume: 9
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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UNT Scholarly Works

Materials from the UNT community's research, creative, and scholarly activities and UNT's Open Access Repository. Access to some items in this collection may be restricted.

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  • April 5, 2019

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • March 3, 2020, 10:24 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Aug. 13, 2020, 1:16 p.m.

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Realdon, Olivia; Serino, Silvia; Savazzi, Federica; Rossetto, Federica; Cipresso, Pietro; Parsons, Thomas D. et al. An ecological measure to screen executive functioning in Multiple Sclerosis: the Picture Interpretation Test (PIT) 360°, article, April 5, 2019; [Basingstoke, United Kingdom]. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1616594/: accessed June 18, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Center for Psychosocial Health Research.

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