Production of radishes. Page: 3
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PRODUCTION OF RADISHES 3
Types and Varieties
Radishes are divided into two groups with reference to the season
when they are grown. The first group includes the short-season
spring and summer varieties, represented by the French Breakfast,
Scarlet Turnip, and Early Scarlet Globe, which are globular, and the
Cincinnati Market, White Icicle, and Lady Finger or Long White
Vienna, which are long in shape. The second group includes the
winter or storage varieties, represented by the Black Spanish, Chinese
Rose Winter, and Chinese White Winter. This group is grown during.
autumn and may be marketed immediately or stored like other root
crops. The spring and summer varieties require from 20 to 45 days
from seeding to come to good edible size. The winter varieties need
more time, usually about 60 days.
Seed and Seeding
In the home garden a packet of radish seed, which will plant 20 feet
of row, is sufficient for a single sowing. This should be followed by
successive sowings at 2-week intervals as long as radishes are desired,
or until weather conditions interfere. In the market garden or truck
field they are usually drilled in 15-inch rows, with a single-row or
gang seeder. In some sections, such as Norfolk, Va., they are drilled
m beds each of which contains several rows. From 10 to 12 pounds
of seed are required per acre, the exact amount depending on the
width of the rows, the size of the seeds, and the number of seeds to
the foot. Experiments have shown that earliness and uniformity of
size are improved by sifting out and discarding the very small seeds.
The use of large, uniform-sized seed makes it possible to obtain a more
even stand and saves thinning. In friable, well-prepared soils, radish
seeds are usually planted from one-half to three-quarters of an inch
The early or globe varieties can often be grown without thinning,
but the long or larger varieties usually require thinning to stand 1 to
2 inches apart in the rows.
The cultivation of radishes is simple, only the amount needed for
the control of weeds being done. The work is usually accomplished
with a wheel hoe, supplemented by such hand weeding as may be
necessary. Radishes require an abundance of moisture, and some
form of irrigation is essential during periods of insufficient rainfall.
Disease and Insect Enemies
Owing to the shortness of their growing period radishes are not,
as arule, seriously affected by diseases, but there are a number of
insects, including aphids, root maggots, and flea beetles, that attack the
growing crop. In view of the constant progress that is being made
in methods of control the reader is advised to consult his county
agent or to apply to his State experiment station or to the United
States. Department of Agriculture. Farmers' Bulletin No. 1371
contains information on the Diseases and Insects of Garden Vegetables.
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Beattie, James H. (James Herbert), b. 1882. & Beattie, W. R. (William Renwick), b. 1870. Production of radishes., book, March 1938; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1562/m1/3/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.