Fire Departments for Rural Communities: How to Organize and Operate Them. Page: 5
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building, include an apartment for his family's use. This would be
a place where fire calls could be received at all times.
Provide for training of volunteer firemen, inspection of equipment,
and fire drills at regular intervals. Most States have firemen-training
programs under their State departments of education or State
universities. You can get information regarding these programs from
the Consultant in Public Service Training, U. S. Office of Education,
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, D. C.,
and from the National Fire Protection Association's Committee on
Firemen's Training, which has issued a list of available fire-training
An Ohio rural fire station and trucks adapted to rural fire-protection service.
(Courtesy, National Fire Protection Association, Boston, Mass.)
Fire Trucks.-If possible, have two fire trucks-one light weight,
equipped with a tank to carry 300 to 500 gallons of water; the other
heavier and with a tank that will carry up to 1,000 gallons for supplementary
use. Preferably both, but at least one, should have approved
500-gallon per minute multistage pumps that meet underwriters'
standards. Both trucks should carry portable pumps to
pump water from sources not within the reach of trucks. Tanks
should hold enough water so that two preconnected lines of 11/2-inch
hose with fog nozzles could be operated long enough to permit hose
to be laid to other sources of water.
Some of the chemical called "wet water" should be carried on each
truck, for mixing with water in the tank (1 gallon to 100 gallons of
water) when fighting hay and other deeply imbedded fires. Water so
treated is highly penetrating.
You will find a two-way radio communication system helpful in
calling for nearby equipment and additional water if these are available
under mutual aid arrangements. A portable lighting plant and
a winch and cable to pull heavy farm machinery from burning sheds
will be useful. Ladders, fire extinguishers, and tools such as axes
and crowbars are also necessary items of equipment.
2]agranm of the Area.-Prepare a diagram of the area. List the
farms and rural residences to be served and locate each on the diagram.
ltse symbols to indicate availability of telephones, water sllpllies, and
home fire-fighting equipment.
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Rush, John D. Fire Departments for Rural Communities: How to Organize and Operate Them., book, October 1954; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1553/m1/5/: accessed November 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.