Preparing wool for market. Page: 2
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Cut Close; Remove Fleece Unbroken
Shear close to the skin so a second cut will not be necessary. (Fig.
2.) Second cuts leave fibers that are too short to work properly in
worsted machinery. They drop from the machines in the form of
waste and are used in cheaper fabrics
or are sold at a comparatively
low price. Aim to remove the fleece
unbroken. (Fig. 3.) If a fleece
is broken during shearing the task
of rolling and tying it immediately
becomes more difficult. A broken
fleece, even when rolled and tied,
never looks as well as a whole one
no matter how much care is used in
bundling it. Moreover, when the
though td pofleece is in pieces it requires more
time in the mill to divide the wool
into its respective sorts.
Tag Sheep Before Shearing
"Tag" the sheep; that is, remove
heavy dung locks before shearing.
Heavy locks left in the fleece stain
the wool that comes in contact with
Fl(URE 2.-Close shearing makes second cuts them. Clip heavy locks from each
unnecessary. animal and pack them separately;
never bundle them in the fleece. Fleeces that contain an excessive
quantity of tags or other foreign substances have a heavy or soggy
feeling, and their price is discounted by expert buyers. Some manufacturers
prefer foreign wool because it is clean; they know that all
tags, heavy locks, etc., have been removed from Australian and South
American wool before it enters our
markets. The off sorts (tags,
locks, etc.) are packed separately
and sold at a discount.
Roll Fleece With Flesh Side Out
Always roll a fleece with the flesh
side out, as this side presents a
much brighter and far more attractive
appearance than does the
weather side. This is a vital point
and growers should always keep it
in mind. When rolling, spread the
fleece with the flesh side down, fold
in from the sides and ends, then roll
from tail to neck. (Fig. 4.) This
method will bring the shoulders
and sides, or the best parts of the
fleece, on the outside.
Tie Each Fleece Separately FIGURE 3.-This fleece was removed unbroken.
Tie each fleece separately. Even
though tied properly, fleeces that are handled three or four times are
somewhat torn. Untied fleeces invariably reach the manufacturer in
poor condition. When fleeces are packed without being tied, it is
impossible to grade and handle them satisfactorily. Use only enough
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Buck, Warner M. (Warner Mays), 1892-. Preparing wool for market., book, July 1940; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1534/m1/2/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.