Varieties of club wheat. Page: 4
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4 FARMERS' BULLETIN 1708
Group 2.-Heads beardless; chaff smooth, white or yellow: kernels red: Hybrid
Oroup 3.-Heads beardless: chaff smooth, brown or red; kernels white: Jenikin,
Group '.--Heads beardless; chaff velvety, white or yellow; kernels red: Coppi.
Group 5.-Heads bearded: chaff smooth. brow-n or red: kernels red: 'Ma;yview.
GROUP 1.-HEADS BEARDLESS; CHAFF SMOOTH, WHITE OR YELLOW;
The most important of the club wheat varieties are included in
group 1. Four of the six varieties are spring and two are winter
Little Club. or Small Club, is a spring wheat bult is often grown
for fall sowing. It has longer and more slender lhead(l and kernels
than the other club varieties. The heads of Little (Club usually are
2 to 21/2 inches long and oblong in shape (fig. 2.A). The plants are
tall, erect, and late.
The origin of Little Club wheat is not definitely known. but the
variety is believed to have been introduced from Chile. It probably
was one of the first wheats grown in the Columbia Basin section of
Oregon, and it is believed to have been grown also in California at
an early (late. It is reported to have been grown in Yolo County.
Calif.. as early as 1878. It was formerly the leading variety ill
eastern Oregon and Washington. but in recent years has been largely
replaced by more productive varieties.
Little Club produces fair yields under favorable conditions. bult it
is not well adapted to districts where the rainfall is limited. In
general. it could be advantageously replaced by other varieties of
club or common wheats. Several varieties of common white wheat
will outfield Little Club when fall sown in the Sacramnento Valley
of California and also when spring sown in Oregon andl Washington.
In the latter-named States some true winter wheats usually produce
higher yields than does Little Club from fall sowing. Among these
is Hybrid 128, a club wheat.
Big Club-known also as Big Four, Chile Club, Crookneck Club.
Montezuma Club, and Salt Lake Club-differs from Little Club in
having wider. shorter, and thicker heads and wider and more rolunled
kernels (fig. 2, B). Its chief characteristics are the curves and (rookil
the stem immediately below the head. For this reason it is often
called Crookneck Club. In spite of the curves in the stems, the heads
of Big Club are erect or nearly so.
This variety is reported to have been introduced into Oregon from
Chile about 1870. However, it was grown in California as early as
1866 and was first known as Chile Club and as Oregon Club. It
was formerly grown extensively in the Pacific Coast States. but only
about 4.000 acres were grown in 1929. Big Club is still grown in
scattered areas in California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, and
The yields of Big Club usually have been lower than those of
Little Club and of most other varieties in nearly all sections where
it is grown. This wheat should be dropped from cultivation.
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Clark, J. Allen (Jacob Allen), b. 1888. & Bayles, B. B. (Burton Bernard), 1900-. Varieties of club wheat., book, 1940; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1510/m1/6/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.