The Evolution of the Ride Cymbal Pattern from 1917 to 1941: An Historical and Critical Analysis Metadata

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  • Main Title The Evolution of the Ride Cymbal Pattern from 1917 to 1941: An Historical and Critical Analysis


  • Author: Clark, Colleen (Musician)
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Chair: Davis, Quincy
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Major Professor
  • Committee Member: Ragland, Cathy
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Murphy, John P. (John Patrick)
    Contributor Type: Personal


  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas
    Additional Info:


  • Creation: 2019-05


  • English


  • Content Description: The purpose of this study is to provide a historiographical and musical analysis examining the jazz ride cymbal pattern, from its inception on woodblock, small accessory cymbals, hand cymbal mechanisms and brushes through what becomes known as the modern-day ride cymbal pattern. This research examines a wide array of drummers and bandleaders, with the objective of identifying the earliest recordings of this important addition to jazz drumming, and popular music history while analyzing the ride cymbal pattern's evolution through definitive recordings. The study begins with the earliest known recordings that clearly display the pattern as it is played on any of the instruments mentioned above. The research concludes with the jam sessions of the early 1940s at Minton's Playhouse, where the pioneer of bebop drumming, Kenny Clarke, experimented with altering the pattern. At this point, the pattern reach its final level of maturity and has since experienced no subsequent major modification. The historical and geographical analysis uses relevant literature from the field of jazz history in order to interpret and evaluate the impact of the the overall trajectory of the music and players. By surveying newspaper and magazine articles, archival interviews, and photographic sources, combined with audio and film analysis, it is clear that drummers navigated a path to the maturation of the pattern.
  • Physical Description: ix, 123 pages : illustrations, music


  • Keyword: Ride cymbal pattern
  • Keyword: Swing music
  • Keyword: Jazz drummers
  • Keyword: Kenny Clarke
  • Keyword: Zutty Singleton
  • Keyword: Kaiser Marshall
  • Keyword: Tony Sbarbaro
  • Keyword: Louis Armstrong
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Percussion music (Jazz)
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Jazz -- History and criticism.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Cymbals.
  • Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms: Academic theses


  • Has Part: Recital: November 12, 2018, ark:/67531/metadc <not yet digitized>
  • Has Part: Recital: April 25, 2017, ark:/67531/metadc <not yet digitized>
  • Has Part: Recital: October 31, 2016, ark:/67531/metadc <not yet digitized>


  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD


  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT


  • Rights Access: public
  • Rights Holder: Clark, Colleen (Musician)
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation


  • Text


  • Accession or Local Control No: submission_1565
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1505181


  • Degree Name: Doctor of Musical Arts
  • Degree Level: Doctoral
  • Academic Department: Division of Jazz Studies
  • College: College of Music
  • Degree Discipline: Performance
  • Degree Publication Type: disse
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas
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