Assessment of very high temperature reactors in process applications

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In April 1974, the United States Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) authorized General Atomic Company, General Electric Company, and Westinghouse Astronuclear Laboratory to assess the available technology for producing process heat utilizing a very high temperature nuclear reactor (VHTR). The VHTR is defined as a gas-cooled graphite-moderated reactor. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been given a lead role in evaluating the VHTR reactor studies and potential applications of the VHTR. Process temperatures up to the 760 to 871/sup 0/C range appear to be achievable with near-term technology. The major development considerations are high temperature materials, the safety questions (especially ... continued below

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Pages: 8

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Jones, J. E. Jr.; Spiewak, I. & Gambill, W. R. April 7, 1976.

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Description

In April 1974, the United States Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) authorized General Atomic Company, General Electric Company, and Westinghouse Astronuclear Laboratory to assess the available technology for producing process heat utilizing a very high temperature nuclear reactor (VHTR). The VHTR is defined as a gas-cooled graphite-moderated reactor. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been given a lead role in evaluating the VHTR reactor studies and potential applications of the VHTR. Process temperatures up to the 760 to 871/sup 0/C range appear to be achievable with near-term technology. The major development considerations are high temperature materials, the safety questions (especially regarding the need for an intermediate heat exchanger) and the process heat exchanger. The potential advantages of the VHTR over competing fossil energy sources are conservation of fossil fuels and reduced atmospheric impacts. Costs are developed for nuclear process heat supplied from a 3000-MW(th) VHTR. The range of cost in process applications is competitive with current fossil fuel alternatives.

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Pages: 8

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Dep. NTIS

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  • 11. intersociety energy conversion engineering conference, State Line, NV, USA, 12 Sep 1976

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  • Report No.: CONF-760906-16
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 7343948
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1444763

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • April 7, 1976

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 10, 2019, 8:45 p.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2019, 1:38 p.m.

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Jones, J. E. Jr.; Spiewak, I. & Gambill, W. R. Assessment of very high temperature reactors in process applications, article, April 7, 1976; Tennessee. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1444763/: accessed March 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.