School of Music Program Book 1949-1950 Page: 32
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The "Concerto for Two Violins" was probably composed between
1717 and 1723, the period during which Bach served as chapelmaster
for Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cathen. Only half of the violin con-
certi that Bach composed have been preserved for posterity. After
his death in 1750, Bach's manuscripts were divided between his two
elder sons, Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel; only those which
fell to the share of Carl have survived.
The three extant concerti for violin and orchestra by Bach are
in A minor, E major, and G major, respectively; the single surviving
concerto for two violins and string orchestra is written in D minor.
A concerto for two violins and orchestra was among the lost manu-
scripts. The double concerto in D minor was arranged by Bach for
two pianos and orchestra (in the key of C minor).
Beethoven finished the "Seventh Symphony" in the summer of
1812. The work was first performed in 1813 at the University of
Vienna at a concert sponsored by Maelzel for the benefit of Austrian
and Bavarian troops wounded at Hannau.
Sketches for the Allegretto movement of this symphony appear
as early as 1809 in one of Beethoven's sketchbooks. The work was
finished before his forty-second birthday; four years had elapsed
since his "Pastoral Symphony"; and his "Eighth Symphony" was to
be ready only a few months after the completion of the "Seventh."
The difficulty-won score of the "Ninth" would not appear for eleven
Sullivan, in his little book called "Beethoven: His Spiritual De-
velopment," states: "The first work on a grand scale in which the
conflict is taken for granted and ignored, and the fruits of victory
enjoyed, is the Seventh Symphony . . . In this symphony Beethoven
seems to have emerged into a region where the spiritual struggle
that had obsessed him for years is finally done with. The hard road
to victory, it would appear, has been trodden for the last time. And
since this symphony is one of Beethoven's very greatest works we
may hive confidence that the experience it conveys is fundamental."
Little is recorded of Frescobaldi (1583-1643) save that he was
probably the most outstanding organist of the 17th century. We are
prone to consider the audiences attracted by our modern virtuosi as
large (and profitable); however, we are informed that Frescobaldi's
first concert in Rome (he was organist at St. Peters during two
separate periods of his life) was attended by thirty thousand people!
This particular "Toccata" has been transcribed by the late Hans Kindler
for symphony orchestra. Dr. Kindler, a virtuoso cellist of note, was
the founder and conductor of the National Symphony of Washington,
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North Texas State College. School of Music. School of Music Program Book 1949-1950, book, 1950; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc139506/m1/34/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Music Library.