Air Pollution Control Act Page: 1
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Air Pollution Control Act
Original 21 articles promulgated by presidential order on May 23, 1975
Eighty-six articles revised and promulgated by presidential order on June 19, 2002
Article 18 revised and promulgated by presidential order on May 18, 2005
Articles 59 and 86 revised and promulgated by presidential order on May 30, 2006
Chapter 1 General Principles
This Act is formulated to control air pollution, maintain public health and the living environment and
improve the quality of life.The regulations of other laws shall apply to those matters not regulated by this
Terms used in this Act are defined as follows.
I. Air pollutant means an airborne substance sufficient to jeopardize directly or indirectly public health or
the living environment.
II. Pollution source means a physical or chemical operating unit that emits air pollutants.
III. Motor vehicle means a vehicle that travels on a roadway under its own power and that is not
dependent on rail or electric power systems.
IV. Living environment means property, animals and plants, and their reproductive environments, that
have a close relationship with the lives of humans.
V. Emissions standards means the maximum concentration or total quantity allowed for the presence of
each type of air pollutant in waste gas emissions, or emissions quantity per unit of raw materials and
components, fuel or products.
VI. Air quality standards means concentration limits for air pollutants in outdoor air.
VII. Air pollution control regions (herein referred to as control regions) means each class of control region
delineated based on the demands placed upon air quality by land use within a region or in accordance
with current air quality conditions.
VIII. Nature protection and conservation areas means ecological conservation areas, nature reserves,
wildlife preserves and national forest preserves.
IX. Total quantity control means limiting measures that are formulated for total allowable emissions
quantities of air pollutants within a certain area in order to effectively improve air quality.
X. Total quantity control zones means areas delineated in accordance with total quantity control
requirements and based on topographical and meteorological conditions.
XI. Best available control technology means commercialized technology that provides the greatest feasible
reduction in pollutant emissions quantities and that pollution sources, after taking into consideration
energy, environmental and economic impacts, shall be required to adopt.
"Competent authority" as referred to in this Act means the Environmental Protection Administration,
Executive Yuan, at the central government level, the municipal government in special municipalities and the
county or city government in counties or cities.
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China (Republic : 1949- ). Huan jing bao hu shu. Air Pollution Control Act, text, May 30, 2006; Taipei, Republic of China. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13687/m1/1/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .