Fuel element performance

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Description

For some time, it has been considered that cycling natural uranium fuel elements through the {alpha}-{beta} transformation point (approx. 662 C) is a contributing factor in split type ruptures. This hypothesis is based upon the fact that the transition temperature, a one percent increase in volume occurs. It is reasoned that as the uranium hardens under irradiation, it becomes progressively less able to adjust to the severe stresses imposed by the volume change as the material cycles through the {alpha}-{beta} transformation point. Failure finally occurs by a splitting of the core. The IPD is now interested in evaluating some of ... continued below

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5 p.

Creation Information

Hagie, L. T. December 31, 1957.

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  • Hanford Works
    Publisher Info: Hanford Works, Richland, WA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington

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Description

For some time, it has been considered that cycling natural uranium fuel elements through the {alpha}-{beta} transformation point (approx. 662 C) is a contributing factor in split type ruptures. This hypothesis is based upon the fact that the transition temperature, a one percent increase in volume occurs. It is reasoned that as the uranium hardens under irradiation, it becomes progressively less able to adjust to the severe stresses imposed by the volume change as the material cycles through the {alpha}-{beta} transformation point. Failure finally occurs by a splitting of the core. The IPD is now interested in evaluating some of the effects of reactor operation upon fuel performance. It appears that the life of solid fuel elements may be prolonged if sudden changes in reactor operation can be minimized. It is the purpose of this report to bring to the attention of FPD management the new ideas being developed in the IPD on split type failures and to point out the effect such thinking may have on future fuel element development activities. Based on a discussion with personnel in PID, there is reasonable hope that the performance of solid fuel elements will not be limited by the {alpha}-{beta} transformation, and that the solid geometry can be used to advantage in all HAPO production reactors.

Physical Description

5 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE94007895; Paper copy available at OSTI: phone, 865-576-8401, or email, reports@adonis.osti.gov

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: 31 Dec 1957

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  • Other: DE94007895
  • Report No.: HW--79468
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/10131805 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 10131805
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1314573

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1957

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Nov. 3, 2018, 11:47 a.m.

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  • Nov. 8, 2018, 4:35 p.m.

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Hagie, L. T. Fuel element performance, report, December 31, 1957; Richland, Washington. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1314573/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.