Data Summary of Municipal Solid Waste Management Alternatives. Volume 1: Report Text Page: 56 of 216
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COMMONLY USED TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS FOR
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
MSW COLLECTION SEPARATION PROCESS DISPOSAL
OPTIONS OPTIONS OPTIONS OPTIONS
" All mixed MSW " No separation " No processing " Landfill with or without
collection energy recovery
" Material recovery " Mass burn
" Co-collection of facilities - Landfill with ash
recyclables with - RDF combustion
balance of MSW " Mixed waste MRF
" Curbside collection " RDF preparation
of recyclables and
of balance of MSW
" Curbside collection
collection of yard
waste, and separate
collection of balance
aRemanufacture is not usually an MSW management option for communities.
In this effort to provide data on a consistent basis for the variety of technologies covered in
the study, it was necessary to use data of widely varying quality. Furthermore, in converting all
the data to a consistent basis, as described below under "Methodology," it was necessary to make
a number of assumptions. The assumptions used in the conversions reduce the accuracy of the
estimates presented here, independently from the quality of the original data on which the
estimates were based.
The availability of extensive, reliable data varied significantly from process to process, as
outlined below. For combustion processes, extensive data are available on costs, and well-
verified data are available on energy and emissions. Less consistent data are available on
landfilling, and few data have been found on collection, separation, and remanufacturing and on
Data on collection and transportation and cost data for all technologies involve special
problems. They are therefore discussed separately in a later subsection of this summary.
In general, the data for rapidly completed processes (such as combustion) are much more
extensive than data for processes that occur slowly (such as degradation in landfills). The
original data used for energy and emissions from mass burning and combustion of RDF are quite
reliable because the performance of those systems can be accurately measured. Data on the
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SRI International. Data Summary of Municipal Solid Waste Management Alternatives. Volume 1: Report Text, report, October 1992; Golden, Colorado. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1310776/m1/56/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.