Authoritarianism and Intellectual Abilities at the College Level Page: 2
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"pathological" prejudice# "Pathological prejudice can be
described as the displacement of ©a#*at own frustrations, self
contempt, and self destructive dispositions onto convenient
serapegroats11* (15> p* 35$). "
According t® tilt neo-psychoanalytic theory of Admm,
Frenkel-Brunswick, LeVinson and Sanford (1, pp# 337~3$9)#
authoritarian personality is the result of child-rearing prac-
tices, especially those connected with toilet training* When
toilet training is too severe or too early, and the child has
not yet learned to speak, it is believed that he will begin
to jir®4d. any .-situation. that _ is^ m_Glear or ambiguous * Because
he has been disciplined without knowing why, he ejects unknown
things to happen to him whenever he la in an ambiguous situa-
tion. le is therefore intolerant of ambiguity, and attempts
to reduce the anxiety brought about by ambiguity by forcing
things into rigid midst and clear classifications.
These types of child-rearing practices also engender in
the child hostility against his parents# The child, because 1
he fears his parents tfeilt at the same time loving them, can* '
not express this hostility toward them* This combination of
ambiguity and displacement of hostility leads the child to
classify people into rigid classifications, and thus the child
becomes authoritarian (15# p* 359) ♦
Tb* second major theory on authoritarianism is one that has
been advanced by psychologists and sociologists interested in
learning theory. It is referred to as the learning-sociological
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Gaulden, Gary L. Authoritarianism and Intellectual Abilities at the College Level, thesis, January 1965; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130564/m1/6/: accessed March 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .