An Examination of High School Failures as Revealed in the Literature of the Subject in Order to Determine the Nature, Extent, Causes and Remedies Page: 37
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to the following conclusions t
1. . . . while progress In the study of science
la definitely related to such factors as intelligence,
ability to read, experiential background, and sus-
tained application, there are so many exceptions to
this general relationship that the results 'are of
little value in interpreting individual progress un-
- less stooom^anied by olsser va tions of the pupil*s
methods of work.
2. « . . the learning situation is extremely
complex. • . . There is a constant shifting of atti-
tudes and methods of work and • • . each exercise
is qualitatively different for each pupil in the
class. The interaction of these variable factors
with other variables results in a change in total
situation which again reacts to influence the be-
havior of the pupil in a given situation. The re-
sult is a learning situation that Is in a state of
constant flux. It is thus practically impossible
to Isolate one factor and definitely determine its
3. . , . there are oafiy kinds of activities em-
ployed in the study of science and ... the ability
to carry on these activities is specific rather than
general. • "■
. most of the individual variations which
cause slow progress are corrective in nature. This
is particularly true of application, attitudes toward
study, and methods of study.
5. . . . individual differences and variations
in the pupil are isore closely related to progress
than is the method of instruction employed.
6. . . . direct instruction in a method of study
results in an increase in the ability to do that type
7. Pupils need to be made conscious of the
types of study employed in science. ... Pupils need
to be taught how to solve the various kinds of prob-
lems, how to observe demonstrations, how to make an-
alytical drawings, etc.
8. . . . Pupils need to be made conscious of
their abilities and limitations.
9. . . . the study of science must inculcate the
methods of thinking employed by the scientist in the
solution of problems. Subject matter alone will not
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Mann, Ralph. An Examination of High School Failures as Revealed in the Literature of the Subject in Order to Determine the Nature, Extent, Causes and Remedies, thesis, 1950; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130213/m1/43/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .