Unequal Higher Education in the United States: Growing Participation and Shrinking Opportunities

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This article argues that rising institutional inequality is a component of individual-level inequality in the United States because U.S. higher education provides a diverse group of students with unequal access to different kinds of institutions.

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22 p.

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Taylor, Barrett J. & Cantwell, Brendan September 18, 2018.

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This article argues that rising institutional inequality is a component of individual-level inequality in the United States because U.S. higher education provides a diverse group of students with unequal access to different kinds of institutions.

Physical Description

22 p.

Notes

Abstract: This paper argues that rising institutional inequality is a component of individual-level
inequality in the United States because U.S. higher education provides a diverse group of students
with unequal access to different kinds of institutions. Using latent profile analysis, we classified all
public and private nonprofit higher education institutions in the U.S. from 2005 to 2013 into seven
categories. We held these categories stable over time and allowed institutions to move between
them. “Good value” institutions were scarce and tended to limit access through selective admission.
Only Subsidy Reliant institutions that were directly supported by government appropriations
regularly provided good value seats to a racially diverse group of students. Yet the number of
institutions in the Subsidy Reliant category declined markedly over time. The resulting system
offered access to many students but provided limited opportunity to secure a good value seat.

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  • Social Sciences, 2018. Basel, Switzerland: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

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  • Publication Title: Social Sciences
  • Volume: 7
  • Page Start: 1
  • Page End: 22
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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UNT Scholarly Works

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  • September 18, 2018

Submitted Date

  • July 25, 2018

Accepted Date

  • September 13, 2018

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 12, 2018, 10:49 a.m.

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Taylor, Barrett J. & Cantwell, Brendan. Unequal Higher Education in the United States: Growing Participation and Shrinking Opportunities, article, September 18, 2018; Basel, Switzerland. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1281807/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Education.