Los Ojos Del Árbol: Percibiendo, Registrando, Comprendiendo Y Contrarrestando Las Invasiones Biológicas en Tiempos De Rápida Homogeneizacion Biocultural

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This article describes the use of the metaphor "the eyes of the tree" to overcome limitations to the International Long-Term Ecological Research Network by integrating ecological, philosophical, and technological components.

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17 p.

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Crego, Ramiro D.; Ward, Nora; Jiménez, Jaime E.; Massardo, Francisca & Rozzi, Ricardo 2018.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: UNT Scholarly Works and was provided by UNT College of Arts and Sciences to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 17 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Crego, Ramiro D. Instituto de Ecología y Viodiversidad; Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program; University of North Texas
  • Ward, Nora University of North Texas
  • Jiménez, Jaime E. Universidad de Magallanes; University of North Texas; Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad
  • Massardo, Francisca Universidad de Magallanes; University of North Texas
  • Rozzi, Ricardo Universidad de Magallanes; University of North Texas; Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad

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  • Main Title: Los Ojos Del Árbol: Percibiendo, Registrando, Comprendiendo Y Contrarrestando Las Invasiones Biológicas en Tiempos De Rápida Homogeneizacion Biocultural
  • Parallel Title: The Eyes of the Tree: Perceiving, Monitoring, Understanding, and Countering Biological Invasions in Times of Rapid Biocultural Homogenization

Description

This article describes the use of the metaphor "the eyes of the tree" to overcome limitations to the International Long-Term Ecological Research Network by integrating ecological, philosophical, and technological components.

Physical Description

17 p.

Notes

Abstract: The Anthropocene is marked by a pervasive process of biocultural homogenization that includes losses of biological and cultural diversity. The process is evident in the case of some biological invasions. Biocultural ethics aims to counteract this homogenization process. Toward this aim, the Field Environmental Philosophy (FEP) methodological approach has been designed. FEP has been conceived and implemented at the Americas’ southernmost site of the International Long-term Ecological Research (ILTER) network, the Omora Ethnobotanical Park, to integrate ecological and philosophical research into biocultural conservation. ILTER sites are intended to investigate and monitor global socio environmental change. At the same time, ILTER sites aim to contribute reorienting this change toward trajectories of socio-environmental sustainability. However, to achieve these aims the ILTER network presents three major limitations: (i) it is focused on biophysical research, largely ignoring relevant cultural dimensions; (ii) it is focused on theoretical studies, frequently postponing applied studies; (iii) and the distribution of ILTER sites has a marked geographical bias towards the northern hemisphere. The objective of this work is to contribute to overcome these three limitations by integrating ecological, philosophical, and technological components on the basis of the work conducted on an invasive species that has recently arrived to the southern end of the Americas, the American mink (Neovison vison). A main result of this study is the composition of the metaphor “the eyes of the tree.” This metaphor integrates research on scientific, philosophical and Native American forms of ecological knowledge and worldviews, and calls for conservation actions in a transdisciplinary way. This metaphor proposes a contextual view to observe, monitor, and understand the problematic of invasive species. It contributes to counteract the impact of exotic species through education and control practices that prioritize the ecosystem as a whole. In this way, it triggers approaches that are complementary to those that privilege of individual welfare over of the integrity of the biotic community

Resumen: El Antropoceno está marcado por un pervasivo proceso de homogeneización biocultural que conlleva pérdidas de biodiversidad y de culturas. Dicha homogeneización se evidencia en el caso de algunas invasiones biológicas. La ética biocultural procura contrarrestar tal homogeneización. Para este fin se ha diseñado una aproximación metodología denominada Filosofía Ambiental de Campo (FILAC). La FILAC se ha gestado e implementado en el sitio más austral de América de la Red Internacional de Estudios Ecológicos a Largo Plazo (ILTER), el Parque Etnobotánico Omora, con el fin de integrar estudios ecológicos con estudios filosóficos en prácticas de conservación biocultural. Los sitios ILTER tienen por objetivo investigar y monitorear el cambio socio-ambiental global. Al mismo tiempo, procuran contribuir a reorientar este cambio hacia trayectorias de sustentabilidad socio-ambiental. Sin embargo, para estos fines la red ILTER presenta tres limitaciones importantes: (i) está focalizada en estudios biofísicos, omitiendo dimensiones culturales que pueden ser relevantes, (ii) está centrada en estudios teóricos, postergando estudios aplicados, y (iii) la distribución de los sitios ILTER tiene un marcado sesgo geográfico hacia el hemisferio norte. El objetivo de este trabajo es contribuir a subsanar las tres limitaciones identificadas mediante la integración de componentes ecológicos, filosóficos y tecnológicos en base al trabajo sobre una especie invasora que ha arribado recientemente al extremo austral de América, el visón norteamericano (Neovison vison). Un resultado principal del trabajo es la composición de la metáfora “los ojos del árbol”. Esta metáfora integra la investigación sobre formas de conocimiento y cosmovisiones científicas, filosóficas y amerindias y convoca acciones de conservación de modo transdisciplinario. Esta metáfora invita a una mirada más contextual para observar, registrar y comprender la problemática de las especies invasoras. Contribuye a contrarrestar el impacto de las especies exóticas mediante acciones de educación y control que priorizan el ecosistema como un todo. De esta manera, complementa enfoques valóricos que privilegian solo el bienestar de cada individuo, por sobre la integridad de la comunidad biótica.

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  • Magallania, 2018, Magallanes: Universidad de Magallanes.

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  • Publication Title: Magallania
  • Volume: 46
  • Issue: 1
  • Page Start: 137
  • Page End: 153
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • 2018

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  • Oct. 12, 2018, 10:49 a.m.

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Crego, Ramiro D.; Ward, Nora; Jiménez, Jaime E.; Massardo, Francisca & Rozzi, Ricardo. Los Ojos Del Árbol: Percibiendo, Registrando, Comprendiendo Y Contrarrestando Las Invasiones Biológicas en Tiempos De Rápida Homogeneizacion Biocultural, article, 2018; Punta Arenas, Chile. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1281805/: accessed April 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.