Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

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Description

The expert panel identified basic principles to guide current and future marker development efforts: (1) the site must be marked, (2) message(s) must be truthful and informative, (3) multiple components within a marker system, (4) multiple means of communication (e.g., language, pictographs, scientific diagrams), (5) multiple levels of complexity within individual messages on individual marker system elements, (6) use of materials with little recycle value, and (7) international effort to maintain knowledge of the locations and contents of nuclear waste repositories. The efficacy of the markers in deterring inadvertent human intrusion was estimated to decrease with time, with the probability … continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 348 p.

Creation Information

Trauth, K. M.; Hora, S. C. & Guzowski, R. V. November 1, 1993.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to the UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 19690 times, with 869 in the last month. More information about this report can be viewed below.

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Authors

  • Trauth, K. M. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  • Hora, S. C. Hawaii Univ., Hilo, HI (United States)
  • Guzowski, R. V. Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The expert panel identified basic principles to guide current and future marker development efforts: (1) the site must be marked, (2) message(s) must be truthful and informative, (3) multiple components within a marker system, (4) multiple means of communication (e.g., language, pictographs, scientific diagrams), (5) multiple levels of complexity within individual messages on individual marker system elements, (6) use of materials with little recycle value, and (7) international effort to maintain knowledge of the locations and contents of nuclear waste repositories. The efficacy of the markers in deterring inadvertent human intrusion was estimated to decrease with time, with the probability function varying with the mode of intrusion (who is intruding and for what purpose) and the level of technological development of the society. The development of a permanent, passive marker system capable of surviving and remaining interpretable for 10,000 years will require further study prior to implementation.

Physical Description

Medium: P; Size: 348 p.

Notes

OSTI; NTIS; INIS; GPO Dep.

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  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1993

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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Creation Date

  • November 1, 1993

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 12, 2018, 6:44 a.m.

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  • Nov. 15, 2018, 1:50 p.m.

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Trauth, K. M.; Hora, S. C. & Guzowski, R. V. Expert judgment on markers to deter inadvertent human intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, report, November 1, 1993; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1279277/: accessed September 28, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.

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