Injury Experience in the Coking Industry, 1951 Page: 1
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INJURY EXPERIENCE IN THE COKING INDUSTRY
Seth T. Reese,2 Naomi W. Kearney,3 and Elizabeth A. Miller '
Introduction and Summary
EPORTS received from operating companies by the Bureau of Mines,
United States Department of the Interior, indicated marked progress in
the reduction of injuries to employees in the coking industry in 1951 as
compared with 1950. The fatality rate (0.14) per million man-hours of exposure
declined 33 percent and was the second best performance since statistics on the
industry were first collected in 1916. The nonfatal-injury rate (10.94), the
best since 1940, declined 8 percent and was bettered only in 8 of the past 36
years. The nonfatal rate is based on all injuries resulting in loss of time for
more than the remainder of the day on which the injury occurred. The exposure
to hazard, as represented by the number of man-hours of work time during the
year, was 7 percent higher than in 1950 and, except for the year 1943, was the
highest since 1920.
The fatality rate for men employed at beehive-coke ovens decreased 16
percent and the nonfatal-injury rate 23 percent, while the man-hours of work
time or exposure increased slightly over 16 percent. The fatality and nonfatal-
injury rates at byproduct ovens declined 33 and 2Y percent, respectively, while
the number of man-hours worked increased 6 percent.
Reports from operating companies showed that 25,715 men worked at coke
ovens in 1951, about 6 percent more than were employed in 1950 and, except in
1943, the largest work force since 1930, when 28,139 men were employed. The
work time for all employees was 70,190,493 man-hours. The returns indicated
an average of 344 work days per man as compared with 341 days in the previous
year. Accidents at the ovens resulted in the death of 10 and injury to 768
workers, both of these figures representing fewer injuries than in 1950. The
fatality rate for the year was 0.14 per million man-hours of exposure as against
0.21 for 1950, and the nonfatal rate was 10.94 as against 11.84 in 1950. Reports
on injuries showed that 31 out of every thousand workers were injured by acci-
dents in 1951 as compared with a rate of 33 for the previous year.
In the beehive-coke industry 14,551 ovens were operated and 3,657 men were
employed in 1951. Both the number of ovens and workers exceeded the num-
ber in any year since 1943. In the byproduct-coke industry 15,428 ovens were
operated and 22,058 men were employed, the greatest activity in each instance
in the 36-year statistical history of the industry.
Of the total number of injuries resulting from accidents during the year, 10
were fatal, 25 caused permanent partial disability, and 743 caused temporary
disability, each of which resulted in loss of time to the injured person beyond
the remainder of the day on which he was injured. Accidents that resulted in
the largest number of injuries were burns, falls of persons, handling materials,
haulage equipment, hand tools, and falling objects.
1 Work on manuscript completed December 1952.
s Chief, Accident Analysis Branch, Health and Safety Division, Bureau of Mines, Washington D. C.
a Statistical clerk, Accident Analysis Branch, Health and Safety Division, Bureau of Mines, Washington, D. C.
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Reese, Seth T.; Kearney, Naomi W. & Miller, Elizabeth A. Injury Experience in the Coking Industry, 1951, report, 1954; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12685/m1/5/: accessed March 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.