Measuring local discretionary authority Page: BC
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What is ACIR ?
The Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental
Relations (ACIR) was created by the Congress in
1959 to monitor the operation of the American
federal system and to recommend improvements.
ACIR is a permanent national bipartisan body
representing the executive and legislative
branches of Federal, state and local government
and the public.
The Commission is composed of 26 membersnine
representing the Federal government, 14
representing state and local government, and
three representing the public. The President appoints
20-three private citizens and three Federal
executive officials directly and four governors,
three state legislators, four mayors, and
three elected county officials from slates nominated
by the National Governors' Association,
the National Conference of State Legislatures,
the National League of Cities, U.S. Conference
of Mayors, and the National Association of
Counties. The three Senators are chosen by
the President of the Senate and the three Congressmen
by the Speaker of the House.
Each Commission member serves a two year term
and may be reappointed.
As a continuing body, the Commission approaches
its work by addressing itself to specific
issues and problems, the resolution of which
would produce improved cooperation among the
levels of government and more effective functioning
of the federal system. In addition to dealing
with the all important functional and structural
relationships among the various governments,
the Commission has also extensively studied critical
stresses currently being placed on traditional
governmental taxing practices. One of the long
range efforts of the Commission has been to seek
ways to improve Federal, state, and local governmental
taxing practices and policies to achieve
equitable allocation of resources, increased
efficiency in collection and administration, and
reduced compliance burdens upon the taxpayers.
Studies undertaken by the Commission have-dealt
with subjects as diverse as transportation and as
specific as state taxation of out-of-state depositories;
as wide ranging as substate regionalism
to the more specialized issue of local revenue
diversification. In selecting items for the work
program, the Commission considers the relative
importance and urgency of the problem, its manageability
from the point of view of finances and
staff available to ACIR and the extent to which
the Commission can make a fruitful contribution
toward the solution of the problem.
After selecting specific intergovernmental issues
for investigation, ACIR follows a multistep procedure
that assures review and comment by representatives
of all points of view, all affected
levels of government, technical experts, and
interested groups. The Commission then debates
each issue and formulates its policy position.
Commission findings and recommendations are
published and draft bills and executive orders
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United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Measuring local discretionary authority, book, November 1981; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1259/m1/92/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.