Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping Page: III

CONTENTS
Page
Introduction..1---------------------------------------------------
General scope 1----------------------------------------------
Importance of the subject __ 1_________---------------
Acknowledgments----------------------------------------------- 2
Choice of surface equipment and methods_- ----__-____---- 3
Conditions at the well as a factor_-----------______-__------- 3
Conditions in the given area as a factor______________________-- 4
Qualifications of the owners and operators as a factor_____________- 6
Prime movers and power-plant machinery_ --_______________________- 6
Steam boilers, steam-plant equipment, and fuels------------------- 6
Fire-tube boilers-------------------------------- ----- 7
Locomotive type of boiler_..____ 7---_______________7
Horizontal return tubular boiler_- --_______-------- 7
Water-tube boilers---____----------------______ - 8
Boiler parts, fittings, and auxiliary equipment____________--- 8
Settings for horizontal return tubular boilers____________--_ 9
Back arches for horizontal return tubular boilers_______----- 9
Boiler insulation_---------------------------- 9
Stacks ------------------------------------------------10
Steam piping -------------------------------------------11
Moisture in steam ---------------------------------------11
Insulation of steam pipes_ - - --____-____ --___________11
Location of feed-water pipe and check valve _________________ 13
Methods for introducing feed water to the boiler ______________ 13
Boiler feed water and its treatment_ ----__ -__ ---_____-14
Fuels and combustion_. __ -------------------__ 14
Efficiency of different fuels-------------------------------- 14
Causes and effects of heat losses ----------------------------15
Coal and wood as fuels_------- ---------------__-16
Oil as fuel ---------------------------------------- 17
Combustion of fuel oil ---------------------------------- 17
Oil-firing indicator_--------------------___- - - 18
Automatic oil-firing regulator and damper control____________ 19
Separator and compression chamber________________________ 20
Natural gas as fuel----- ---------------__ --____ __- - 20
Gas burners------------------------------------------21
Steam engines --------------------------------------------- 22
Gas engines ........ 23
Two cycle -----------------------------------------------24
Four cycle ----------------------------------------------24
Governing engine speed 24
Methods of ignition --------------------------------------- 25
Hot-tube ignition --------------------------------------- 25
Electric ignition ---------------------------------------- 26
Lubricating systems ---------------------------------------26
Cooling systems ------------------------------------------28
Water circulation------------- -------------------------- 29
Troubles with water-cooling systems_____ ___________________ 29
Engine clutch --------------------------------------------30
Gas-supply system ----------------------------------------31
Installation and operation of gas engines-----------------------31
Oil engines ------------------------------------------------34
General characteristics and types of oil engines----------------- 34
Three general types of liquid-fuel engines- --__________________ 35
Explosion oil engines_ -___-__-__ - - - - - --___________ 35
Engines with four-stroke cycle_----------------------------- 35
Engines with two-stroke cycle----------------------------- 36
Comparative advantages of four-stroke and two-stroke cycles__ 37
III

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George, H. C. Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping, report, 1925; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12407/m1/3/ocr/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.