Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping Page: 128
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128 SURFACE MACHINERY AND METHODS FOR OIL-WELL PUMPING.
of graded road connecting the east and west Elk Hills oil fields was
built by some of the companies in those fields at a reported cost of
$350,000. Dirt roads, such as those used in the California fields,
are not very serviceable during winter in districts where there is
much frost and snow. Road material is entirely lacking in many of
the Mid-Continent fields, so that dirt roads, both public and private,
have been the only type available. Corduroy and plank roads and
bridges are used in some fields in swampy country, as in some of the
oil fields of Louisiana.
Most of the private roads in the oil fields of the eastern United
States are nothing more than trails which are only improved enough
to permit the passage of a team and loaded wagon. As these oil
fields were developed years ago, at present an improved type of road
to an individual property is not warranted.
One company in the southern Illinois fields, in an area where sev-
eral small streams are repeatedly crossed, uses bridges made from
old casing and pipe supported on concrete piers. Four lengths of
6 or 8 inch casing are used for stringers. Old 2-inch tubing and
pipe cut in 8-foot lengths laid side by side across the casing as floor-
ing are held in place by a piece of 2-inch pipe placed on top of each
end of the pipe flooring at the sides of the bridge and firmly bolted
to the outside casing stringer.
Good service from a dirt road, as demonstrated by the public
roads in most rural districts, depends largely on proper drainage
and also on frequent grading, especially when the road is drying
after a prolonged rain.
An efficient organization is a prime requisite in oil-field practice.
The scope and type of organization of course depends upon the num-
ber of wells pumping, the distance to towns and industrial centers,
and the extent of the prospecting and development work being car-
ried on in the same or other oil fields.
Figure 17 outlines the organization of one of the larger oil com-
panies operating in the Mid-Continent fields, mostly in areas where
the company has had to build its own camps and do its own con-
struction and repair work.
COST OF DEVELOPMENT AND EQUIPMENT OF A
TYPICAL OIL-WELL PROPERTY.
As an example of the elements of cost that enter into the develop-
ment and equipment of a pumping oil-well property, one of the
larger companies in the Mid-Continent field supplied the data and
costs shown in Table 9; they apply to one of its properties which has
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George, H. C. Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping, report, 1925; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12407/m1/163/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.