Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping Page: 127
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MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICE. 127
as to time and material with the timekeeper and the storeroom keeper. If
apparatus is used in the compliance of the order that requires maintenance
and attendance, the company and factory numbers are placed on the order
by the foreman, to be transferred to records in the office and kept for assist-
ance in future operation.
Considering that the ultimate development of the field will require prob-
ably 1,000 installations, it is apparent that records will be invaluable from
the operating standpoint. The time to obtain the records of all the ap-
paratus is during the installation period, as otherwise they may be for-
gotten, and if they are, it will require the services of men to go over the
entire installation to obtain what information is needed. As the operation
organization progresses, more records will be needed, showing the results
of motor inspections, line inspections, substation services, well outages,
meter tests, and so on.
ROADS AND TRANSPORTATION.
Most of the oil fields of the eastern United States were developed,
reached maximum production, and declined to only a small part
of former production years before the automobile and motor truck
were generally used. Consequently, most of these oil fields have
very bad roads, suitable for haulage only by team or tractor, except
those through which improved State or county roads happened to
have been built.
Many of the Mid-Continent and California fields have been de-
veloped since automobiles and motor trucks became the chief means
of transportation, so that these fields have benefited by State and
county highway improvements. In many parts of Texas, Louisiana,
Oklahoma, and Kansas the main highways that serve the oil fields
chiefly are of the best type of macadam, asphalt, or concrete
Some large oil fields, however, such as Salt Creek, Wyoming, have
had very poor roads that have been practically impassable at times
during winter and spring.
The best type of construction for private roads in oil fields depends
on the type of the public roads, the size of operations, and climatic
conditions. Private roads that are better than the public roads of
the district are seldom warranted, and often an inferior type is
In many of the California fields well-graded and oiled dirt roads
have satisfactorily met transportation needs. The oil companies in
that State have spent large sums in the building of roads. Steam
shovels have been used for doing much of the grading. The 12 miles
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George, H. C. Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping, report, 1925; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12407/m1/162/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.