Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping Page: 125
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MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICE. 125
yards of the operating oil companies are not so complete as in iso-
lated fields. The former companies can get supplies, repairs, and
equipment promptly. But when the field operations are extensive,
or when they are some distance from supply sources, a great saving
in money, time, and labor is generally secured by fully equipped
storerooms, shops, and yards.
The storerooms carry general supplies and necessary repair parts.
The shops may include foundry, machine shop, woodworking shop,
boiler shop, automobile and truck repair shop, and, in some fields,
tubular-derrick shop. The yards afford room for storage and salvage
of lumber, timber, pipe machinery, and junk.
Plate I, B (p. 4) shows the storeroom, shop, and yards of an oil
company in the Santa Maria field, California.
The salvage of old pipe as seen in the yards of the Standard Oil
Co., Taft, Calif., illustrates one of the many savings made, by the
oil companies. The pipe is first straightened if crooked. The length
of pipe is placed on a long, narrow truck running on a track and put
under a die attached to. one end of a steel beam pivoted in the middle
and operated from the other end by a connection to the piston of a
gas-engine cylinder, the power being furnished by compressed air.
The pipe is then placed on the moving truck a at the pipe-clearing
machine shown in Plate XXXII, B, and is moved forward in front
of the revolving shaft b, to which are attached a number of flail-like
pieces of steel, c, and a steel brush. The flail-like pieces strike the
pipe as it moves by, loosening the scale and dirt; the revolving steel
brush removes the loose particles. The pipe is taken to the pipe-
cutting machine, that cuts off the ends with old threads. The pipe is
then painted and placed in stock. It is not threaded until about to
RECORDS AND FORMS.
The keeping of books or records and the use of warehouse forms
are discussed by C. G. Smith, in a. Bureau of Mines bulletin.25 In
the introduction of this bulletin Smith says:
With the accountant rests the responsibility of providing the management with
reports setting forth the details of the business expressed in fitting terms as
well as in dollars and cents. These reports are a means whereby efficiency may
be maintained, waste prevented, oil obtained and sold, and money suitably
reinvested. They also enable a concern to study the progress of its business in
order to conserve to the utmost the possible benefits from an exhaustible deposit
of mineral wealth. When managements realize the extent of the waste at
their properties more attention will be given to the character of the account-
25 Smith, Clarence G., Cost accounting for oil producers: Bull. 158, Bureau of Mines,
1917, 123 pp.
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George, H. C. Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping, report, 1925; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12407/m1/160/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.