Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping Page: 113
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MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICE. 113
connects all of the wells with the machine shop and storehouse. The
truck is moved by unwinding the cable from the engine drum and at-
taching the free end as a ground line to a tree ahead, and then
winding the cable on the drum. This procedure is repeated until the
well is reached. In many places the grades on this track are as high
as 10 to 12 per cent. This system facilitates the movement of equip-
ment to the wells, which are so situated that the construction of
roads and transportation over them would be practically impossible.
MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EQUIPMENT AND PRAC-
Miscellaneous operating equipment and practice at pumping oil-
well properties are classified as: 1, Housing and sanitation; 2, heat-
ing, lighting, and safety; 3, tanks, ponds, and reservoirs; 4, pipe
lines and flumes; 5, traps for saving gas at oil wells; 6, buildings,
storerooms, and shops; 7, records and forms; 8, roads and transpor-
tation; and 9, field organization.
Many data on equipment and practice have been given in bulletins
and technical papers of the Bureau of Mines. However, this bulle-
tin would not be complete without a reference to the publication
in which equipment and practice have been discussed.
HOUSING AND SANITATION.
Housing and sanitation are important considerations for oil com-
panies operating in arid, isolated, or thinly settled regions. In most
of the oil fields in the eastern United States, and in many in the
Mid-Continent, the employees live in towns or villages near the fields,
so that housing and sanitation are municipal problems. However,
in California, Texas, Louisiana, Kansas, Wyoming, and Montana
many of the new oil fields discovered have been in thinly settled
regions, so that oil companies, like many coal companies, have had to
give attention to the housing and care of employees and their
Plate I, A (p. 4) shows the good housing conditions at the
camp of an oil company in the Salt Creek field, Wyoming. Similar
camps are found at many other oil fields in the United States.
Housing and sanitation have been discussed in publications of the
Bureau of Mines.20
HEATING, LIGHTING, AND SAFETY.
Buildings in most oil fields are heated largely by natural gas
burned in stoves. Houses of employees, offices, and shops, however,
2 Bowie, C. P., Oil-camp sanitation: Tech. Paper 261, Bureau of Mines, 1921, 32 pp.;
White, Joseph H., Houses for mining towns: Bull. 87, Bureau of Mines. 1914, 64 pp.
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George, H. C. Surface Machinery and Methods for Oil-Well Pumping, report, 1925; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12407/m1/148/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.