U.S. Intelligence Community Elements: Establishment Provisions Page: 2 of 2
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U.S. Intelligence Community Elements: Establishment Provisions
Element Establishment Date Mechanism of Establishment
Established by Department of Defense (DOD) Action
U.S. Navy Office of Naval Intelligence March 23, 1882 HQ-level intelligence organization by order of the Secretary of the Navy,
(USN/ONI) General Order No. 292.h
U.S. Army Office of the Adjutant General, April 12, 1889 HQ-level intelligence organization, in accordance with confidential orders of
Military Information Division (MID) the War Department, April 12, 1889.
HQ-level intelligence organization, in accordance with HQ Memo 1-1939, Apr
U.S Marine Corps, Intelligence Section April 21, 1939 21, 1939.
[Army] Air Corps Air Staff (Intelligence) June 20, 1941 Headquarters (HQ)-level intelligence organization, in accordance with (IAW)
(ACAS/A-2) Army Regulation 95-5 (revised). Became HQ USAF/A-2 when the U.S. Air
Force (USAF) was established as a separate department in 1947 (P.L. 80-253
DOD, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) August 1, 1961 DOD Directive 5105.21-updated March 18, 2008.
DOD, National Reconnaissance Office September 6, 1961 DOD Directive 5 105.23-updated October 29, 2015. See also 1035 of P.L.
(NRO) 1 11-84 (FY20 10 NDAA).
Established by Executive Action
Department of State, Intelligence and October I, 1945 E.O. 9621, "Termination of the Office of Strategic Services and Disposition of
Research Bureau (DOS/INR) its Functions," effective October I, 1945.
DOD, National Security Agency (NSA) December 29, 1952 National Security Council Intelligence Directive (NSCID) 9 Revised,
"Communications Intelligence," Dec. 29, 1952, and NSCID 6, Feb. 17, 1972.
See also 50 U.S.C. Ch. 47 3601-3618.
DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration February 17, 2006' Joint DNI-Attorney General Memorandum. The DEA was established through
(DEA), Office of National Security E.O. 11727, "Drug Law Enforcement," July 6, 1973.
a. IC elements are defined in 50 U.S.C. 3003, which also includes a provision for admitting additional elements to the IC by a decision of either the President or jointly by
the DNI and the head of a department of agency concerned.
b. See also Kevin Wirth, The Coast Guard Intelligence Program Enters the Intelligence Community, Occasional Paper 16 (Washington D.C: NDIC Press, May 2007) at http://ni-
C. The FBI's DI can be traced back to the FBI's Bureau of Investigation (established January 26, 1908). December 17, 2004 reflects the first of a number of changes to
integrate the FBI's intelligence-related activities with those of the IC. See also George W. Bush, Memorandum on Strengthening the Ability of the Department of Justice To
Meet Challenges to the Security of the Nation, June 28, 2005; and FBI Organization Chart, July I5, 2014, at https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/pages/images/2014/09/
26/ag_signedfbiorg_chart.jpg. In March 2006, 506 of P.L. 109-177 created the National Security Division (NSD) within the DOJ headed by an Assistant Attorney
General for National Security. DOJ's Office of Intelligence (01) is part of the NSD. The DOJ/OI is not an IC element.
d. The Office of the USD(I) is not formally recognized as a component of the IC.
e. National Archives, "Records of Army Air Forces" at https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/0I8.html. On November 4, 1947, HQ USAF Directive
HOI 20-12 placed intelligence within the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff Operations. See "Records of Headquarters United States Air Force (Air Staff)" at
https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/341.html. On July 1, 1957, a HQ reorganization reestablished the A-2 as a separate entity within the Air
Staff. See Air Force Historical Studies Office, Key Personnel, January 2013, p. 38, footnote 21, at http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-13041 0-035.pdf.
f. The MID originated informally in 1885 within the Office of Army Adjutant General. See James Finley, ed., U.S. Army Military Intelligence History: A Sourcebook, Ft. Huachuca,
AZ: U.S. Army Intelligence Center, 1995, pp. 63 and 91, at http://huachuca-www.army.mil/files/History_MReader.pdf. Prior to 1889, Army intelligence units were
established by army commanders on an ad hoc basis.
g. Historical Division, HQ USMC, A Brief History of Headquarters Marine Corps Staff Organization, Marine Corps Historical Reference Pamphlet, Revised 1970, footnote 59,
provided to CRS by the USMC Intelligence Division, December 2, 2016. Prior to 1939, USMC intelligence units were established by commanders on an ad hoc basis.
h. General Order 292 (March 23, 1882) "Establishment of Office of Intelligence," Naval History and Heritage Command, at
https://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/g/general-orders/general-order-no-292.html. Prior to 1882, maritime
intelligence units were established by commanders on an ad hoc basis.
i. February 17, 2006 marks the date the Office of National Security Intelligence (ONSI) was established as a component of the IC by means of a joint agreement between
the DNI and Attorney General. See ODNI News Release 6-06, February 17, 2006, at https://www.dni.gov/files/documents/Newsroom/Press%20Releases/
j. E.O. 9621 transferred several functions of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to other departments. The OSS's Research and Analysis Branch was relocated within
the State Department and became State's Intelligence and Research Bureau.
k. See also "The Origins of NSA" at https://www.nsa.gov/about/cryptologic-heritage/historical-figures-publications/publications/miscassets/files/origins_of_nsa.pdf.
Michael E. DeVine, firstname.lastname@example.org, 7-1126
Heidi M. Peters, email@example.com, 7-0702
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DeVine, Michael E. & Peters, Heidi M. U.S. Intelligence Community Elements: Establishment Provisions, report, June 27, 2018; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1228569/m1/2/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.