Interweaving History: The Texas Textile Mill and McKinney, Texas, 1903-1968.

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Texas textile mills comprise an untold part of the modern South. The bulk of Texas mills were built between 1890 and 1925, a compressed period of expansion in contrast to the longer developmental pattern of mills in the rest of the United States. This compression meant that Texas mill owners benefited from knowledge gained from mill expansion elsewhere, and owners ran their mills along the same lines as the dominant southeastern model. Owners veered from the established pattern when conditions warranted. This case study focuses on three mills in Texas that operated both independently and as a corporation for a ... continued below

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Kilgore, Deborah Katheryn August 2009.

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  • Kilgore, Deborah Katheryn

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Texas textile mills comprise an untold part of the modern South. The bulk of Texas mills were built between 1890 and 1925, a compressed period of expansion in contrast to the longer developmental pattern of mills in the rest of the United States. This compression meant that Texas mill owners benefited from knowledge gained from mill expansion elsewhere, and owners ran their mills along the same lines as the dominant southeastern model. Owners veered from the established pattern when conditions warranted. This case study focuses on three mills in Texas that operated both independently and as a corporation for a total of sixty years. One mill in McKinney dominated the economy of a small town and serves as the primary focus of this paper. A second mill in Waco served a diversified economy in the center of the state; and the third mill, built in Dallas was concentrated in a major city in a highly competitive job market. All three of these mills will illuminate the single greatest difference between Texas mills and mills elsewhere, the composition of the labor force. Women did not dominate the mill labor force in Texas nor did children, except in limited cases, make-up a large portion of the workers. Today mill studies of southern mills have found only scattered textile factories with a preponderance of male employees, but in Texas this was the norm. This study demonstrates the unique features of McKinney's textile mill and its similarities to other mills in Texas and in the southeast.

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  • August 2009

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  • March 17, 2010, 11:40 a.m.

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  • Jan. 14, 2014, 3:41 p.m.

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Kilgore, Deborah Katheryn. Interweaving History: The Texas Textile Mill and McKinney, Texas, 1903-1968., thesis, August 2009; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12138/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .