Overlapping geographic clusters of food security and health: Where do social determinants and health outcomes converge in the U.S?

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This article identifies geographic clusters of food insecurity and health across U.S. counties to identify potential shared mechanisms for geographic disparities in health and food insecurity.

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11 p.

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Leonard, Tammy; Hughes, Amy; Donegan, Connor; Santillan, Alejandro & Pruitt, Sandi L. June 14, 2018.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: UNT Scholarly Works and was provided by the UNT College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences to the UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 232 times. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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This article identifies geographic clusters of food insecurity and health across U.S. counties to identify potential shared mechanisms for geographic disparities in health and food insecurity.

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11 p.

Notes

Abstract: We identified overlapping geographic clusters of food insecurity and health across U.S. counties to identify potential shared mechanisms for geographic disparities in health and food insecurity. By analyzing health variables compiled as part of the 2014 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings, we constructed four health indices and compared their spatial patterns to spatial patterns found in food insecurity data obtained from 2014 Feeding America's County Map the Meal Gap data. Clusters of low and high food security that overlapped with clusters of good or poor health were identified using Local Moran's I statistics. Next, multinomial logistic regressions were estimated to identify sociodemographic, urban/rural, and economic correlates of counties lying within overlapping clusters. In general, poor health and high food insecurity clusters, “unfavorable cluster overlaps”, were present in the Mississippi Delta, Black Belt, Appalachia, and Alaska. Overlapping good health and low food insecurity clusters, “favorable cluster overlaps”, were less common and located in the Corn Belt and New England. Counties with higher black populations and higher poverty were associated with an increased likelihood of lying within overlapping clusters of poor health and high food insecurity. Generally consistent patterns in spatial overlaps between food security and health indicate potential for shared causal mechanisms. Identified regions and county-level characteristics associated with being located inside of overlapping clusters may be used in future place-based intervention and policy.

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  • SSM - Population Health, 2018. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier

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Publication Information

  • Publication Title: SSM - Population Health
  • Volume: 5
  • Pages: 11
  • Page Start: 160
  • Page End: 170
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • June 14, 2018

Submitted Date

  • February 26, 2018

Accepted Date

  • June 13, 2018

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 30, 2018, 12:01 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Feb. 8, 2021, 3:33 p.m.

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Leonard, Tammy; Hughes, Amy; Donegan, Connor; Santillan, Alejandro & Pruitt, Sandi L. Overlapping geographic clusters of food security and health: Where do social determinants and health outcomes converge in the U.S?, article, June 14, 2018; Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1213693/: accessed April 14, 2024), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences.

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