Radionuclide reactions with groundwater and basalts from Columbia River basalt formations
Chemical reactions of radionuclides with geologic materials found in Columbia River basalt formations were studied. The objective was to determine the ability of these formations to retard radionuclide migration from a radioactive waste repository located in deep basalt. Reactions that can influence migration are precipitation, ion-exchange, complexation, and oxidation-reduction. These reactions were studied by measuring the effects of groundwater composition and redox potential (Eh) on radionuclide sorption on fresh basalt surfaces, a naturally altered basalt, and a sample of secondary minerals associated with a Columbia River basalt flow. In addition, radionuclide sorption isotherms were measured for these materials and reaction ... continued below
Barney, G.S. June 1, 1981.
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Rockwell International Corp., Richland, WA (USA). Rockwell Hanford Operations
Place of Publication: United States
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Chemical reactions of radionuclides with geologic materials found in Columbia River basalt formations were studied. The objective was to determine the ability of these formations to retard radionuclide migration from a radioactive waste repository located in deep basalt. Reactions that can influence migration are precipitation, ion-exchange, complexation, and oxidation-reduction. These reactions were studied by measuring the effects of groundwater composition and redox potential (Eh) on radionuclide sorption on fresh basalt surfaces, a naturally altered basalt, and a sample of secondary minerals associated with a Columbia River basalt flow. In addition, radionuclide sorption isotherms were measured for these materials and reaction kinetics were determined. The radionuclides studied were /sup 137/Cs, /sup 85/Sr, /sup 75/Se, /sup 95m/Tc, /sup 237/Np, /sup 241/Am, /sup 226/Ra and /sup 237/Pu. The Freundlich equation accurately describes the isotherms when precipitation of radionuclides does not occur. In general, sorption increased in the order: basalt < altered basalt < secondary minerals. This increase in sorption corresponds to increasing surface area and cation exchange capacity. The Eh of the system had a large effect on technetium, plutonium, and neptunium sorption. Technetium(VII), Pu(VI), and Np(V) are reduced to Tc(IV), Pu(IV), and Np(IV), respectively, under Eh conditions expected in deep basalt formations. The kinetics of radionuclide sorption and basalt-groundwater reactions were observed over a period of 18 weeks. Most sorption reactions stabilized after about four weeks. Groundwater composition changed the least in contact with altered basalt. Contact with secondary minerals greatly increased Ca, K, and Mg concentrations in the groundwater.
NTIS, PC A03/MF A01.
- Actinide Isotopes
- Actinide Nuclei
- Alkali Metal Isotopes
- Alkaline Earth Isotopes
- Alpha Decay Radioisotopes
- Americium 241
- Americium Isotopes
- Beta Decay Radioisotopes
- Beta-Minus Decay Radioisotopes
- Beta-Plus Decay Radioisotopes
- Cesium 137
- Cesium Isotopes
- Chemical Composition
- Chemical Reactions
- Columbia River Basin
- Days Living Radioisotopes
- Electron Capture Radioisotopes
- Environmental Transport
- Even-Even Nuclei
- Even-Odd Nuclei
- Experimental Data
- Geologic Deposits
- Ground Water
- Heavy Nuclei
- Hours Living Radioisotopes
- Hydrogen Compounds
- Igneous Rocks
- Intermediate Mass Nuclei
- Internal Conversion Radioisotopes
- Isomeric Nuclei
- Isomeric Transition Isotopes
- Mass Transfer
- Neptunium 237
- Neptunium Isotopes
- Numerical Data
- Odd-Even Nuclei
- Oxygen Compounds
- Plutonium 237
- Plutonium Isotopes
- Radioactive Waste Disposal
- Radionuclide Migration
- Radium 226
- Radium Isotopes
- Seconds Living Radioisotopes
- Selenium 75
- Selenium Isotopes
- Separation Processes
- Sorptive Properties
- Strontium 85
- Strontium Isotopes
- Surface Properties
- Technetium 95
- Technetium Isotopes
- Underground Disposal
- Volcanic Rocks
- Waste Disposal
- Waste Management
- Years Living Radioisotopes 052002* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage
STI Subject Categories
- 053000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Environmental Aspects
- 11 Nuclear Fuel Cycle And Fuel Materials
- 12 Management Of Radioactive And Non-Radioactive Wastes From Nuclear Facilities
- 510301 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Soil-- (-1987)
- 520301 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Water-- (1987)
- 54 Environmental Sciences
- Northwest regional American Chemical Society meeting, Bozeman, MT, USA, 17 Jun 1981
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- June 1, 1981
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- July 5, 2018, 11:11 p.m.
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- Oct. 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
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Barney, G.S. Radionuclide reactions with groundwater and basalts from Columbia River basalt formations, report, June 1, 1981; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1212594/: accessed January 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.