Perspectives of decision-making and estimation of risk in populations exposed to low levels of ionizing radiations

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The setting of any permissible radiation level or guide remains essentially an arbitrary procedure. Based on the radiation risk estimates derived, any lack of precision does not minimize either the need for setting public health policies nor the conclusion that such risks are extremely small when compared with those avialable of alternative options, and those normally accepted by society as the hazards of everyday life. When compared with the benefits that society has established as goals derived from the necessary activities of medical care and energy production, it is apparent that society must establish appropriate standards and seek appropriate controlling ... continued below

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Pages: 43

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Fabrikant, J.I. January 1, 1979.

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Description

The setting of any permissible radiation level or guide remains essentially an arbitrary procedure. Based on the radiation risk estimates derived, any lack of precision does not minimize either the need for setting public health policies nor the conclusion that such risks are extremely small when compared with those avialable of alternative options, and those normally accepted by society as the hazards of everyday life. When compared with the benefits that society has established as goals derived from the necessary activities of medical care and energy production, it is apparent that society must establish appropriate standards and seek appropriate controlling procedures which continue to assure that its needs are being met with the lowest possible risks. This implies continuing decision-making processes in which risk-benefit and cost-effectiveness assessments must be taken into account. Much of the practical information necessary for determination of radiation protection standards for public health policy is still lacking. It is now assumed that any exposure to radiaion at low levels of dose carries some risk of deleterious effects. However, how low this level may be, or the probability, or magnitude of the risk, still are not known. Radiation and the public health becomes a societal and political problem and not solely a scientific one. Our best scientific knowledge and our best scientific advice are essential for the protection of the public health, for the effective application of new technologies in medicine, and for guidance in the production of energy in industry. Unless man wishes to dispense with those activities which inevitably involve exposure to low levels of ionizing radiations, he must recognize that some degree of risk, however small, exists. In the evaluation of such risks from radiation, it is necessary to limit the radiation exposure to a level at which the risk is acceptable both to the individual and to society.

Physical Description

Pages: 43

Notes

Dep. NTIS, PC A03/MF A01.

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  • Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Houston, TX, USA, 3 Jan 1978

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  • Report No.: LBL-8667
  • Report No.: CONF-790122-2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6339475
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1210588

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • January 1, 1979

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 5, 2018, 11:11 p.m.

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  • Oct. 23, 2018, 12:20 p.m.

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Fabrikant, J.I. Perspectives of decision-making and estimation of risk in populations exposed to low levels of ionizing radiations, article, January 1, 1979; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1210588/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.