Catalytic conversion of biomass to fuels. Final report

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This report presents an assessment and perspective concerning the application of catalytic technologies to the thermochemical conversion of biomass resources to fuels. The major objectives of the study are: to provide a systematic assessment of the role of catalysis in the direct thermochemical conversion of biomass into gaseous and liquid fuels; to establish the relationship between potential biomass conversion processes and catalytic processes currently under development in other areas, with particular emphasis on coal conversion processes; and to identify promising catalytic systems which could be utilized to reduce the overall costs of fuels production from biomass materials. The report is ... continued below

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Pages: 279

Creation Information

Garten, R. L.; Ushiba, K. K.; Cooper, M. & Mahawili, I. January 1, 1978.

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Description

This report presents an assessment and perspective concerning the application of catalytic technologies to the thermochemical conversion of biomass resources to fuels. The major objectives of the study are: to provide a systematic assessment of the role of catalysis in the direct thermochemical conversion of biomass into gaseous and liquid fuels; to establish the relationship between potential biomass conversion processes and catalytic processes currently under development in other areas, with particular emphasis on coal conversion processes; and to identify promising catalytic systems which could be utilized to reduce the overall costs of fuels production from biomass materials. The report is divided into five major parts which address the above objectives. In Part III the physical and chemical properties of biomass and coal are compared, and the implications for catalytic conversion processes are discussed. With respect to chemical properties, biomass is shown to have significant advantages over coal in catalytic conversion processes because of its uniformly high H/C ratio and low concentrations of potential catalyst poisons. The physical properties of biomass can vary widely, however, and preprocessing by grinding is difficult and costly. Conversion technologies that require little preprocessing and accept a wide range of feed geometries, densities, and particle sizes appear desirable. Part IV provides a comprehensive review of existing and emerging thermochemical conversion technologies for biomass and coal. The underlying science and technology for gasification and liquefaction processes are presented.

Physical Description

Pages: 279

Notes

NTIS, PC A13/MF A01.

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  • Report No.: DOE/ET/11013-T1
  • Grant Number: AC03-78ET11013
  • DOI: 10.2172/6510457 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6510457
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1208287

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • January 1, 1978

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 5, 2018, 11:11 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Aug. 30, 2018, 5 p.m.

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Garten, R. L.; Ushiba, K. K.; Cooper, M. & Mahawili, I. Catalytic conversion of biomass to fuels. Final report, report, January 1, 1978; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1208287/: accessed January 15, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.