An Analysis of Job Satisfaction for Special Educators Who Instruct Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders: How Working Conditions Impact Commitment. Page: 1
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INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
The American job market has undergone rapid changes across many professions. Much
of the growth in tight and competitive organizations, however, has occurred at the expense of
employee satisfaction (Anderson, 2000; Franco & Tortorici, 2002; Munn, 1996). Pinpointing
what constitutes job satisfaction or dissatisfaction can be a daunting task. Theories abound as to
which factors influence how we feel about our jobs. One popular theory that has been around for
a long time purports that influences for liking and disliking a job work independent of each other
(Herzberg, Mausner, & Snyderman, 1959; Herzberg, 1966). For example, motivating factors like
challenging work, recognition, and responsibility would be intrinsic conditions to create job
satisfaction. Hygienic factors like job security, salary, and fringe benefits may not necessarily
lend themselves to job satisfaction, but their absence could easily result in dissatisfaction.
Another position suggests that job satisfaction has to do with one's attitude toward work and
how it affects desirability in the total life experience (Kalleberg, 1997). Lambert, Hogan, and
Barton (2001) look at the work environment, demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and
turnover intent as the core antecedents to job dissatisfaction and leaving the workplace. They
believe, specifically, that the work environment is a greater factor for turnover intent than
demographic characteristics and job satisfaction is seen as a much more salient precursor for
turnover intent (Organ & Ryan, 1995; Wegge, Schmidt, Parkes, & van Dick, 2007; Saaii &
Judge, 2004). Nevertheless, people choose to work or vacate their jobs for many reasons, which
is why researchers continue to examine how we feel about our jobs.
Many employers rarely guarantee high job satisfaction for their working members. The
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Adkins, Beverly. An Analysis of Job Satisfaction for Special Educators Who Instruct Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders: How Working Conditions Impact Commitment., dissertation, August 2009; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc12067/m1/8/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .