Effects of an oxidizing atmosphere in a spent fuel packaging facility

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Description

Sufficient oxidation of spent fuel can cause a cladding breach to propagate, resulting in dispersion of fuel particulates and gaseous radionuclides. The literature for spent fuel oxidation in storage and disposal programs was reviewed to evaluate the effect of an oxidizing atmosphere in a preclosure packaging facility on (1) physical condition of the fuel and (2) operations in the facility. Effects such as cladding breach propagation, cladding oxidation, rod dilation, fuel dispersal, {sup 14}C and {sup 85}Kr release, and crud release were evaluated. The impact of these effects, due to oxidation, upon a spent fuel handling facility is generally predicted ... continued below

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Pages: (36 p)

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Einziger, R.E. September 1, 1991.

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Description

Sufficient oxidation of spent fuel can cause a cladding breach to propagate, resulting in dispersion of fuel particulates and gaseous radionuclides. The literature for spent fuel oxidation in storage and disposal programs was reviewed to evaluate the effect of an oxidizing atmosphere in a preclosure packaging facility on (1) physical condition of the fuel and (2) operations in the facility. Effects such as cladding breach propagation, cladding oxidation, rod dilation, fuel dispersal, {sup 14}C and {sup 85}Kr release, and crud release were evaluated. The impact of these effects, due to oxidation, upon a spent fuel handling facility is generally predicted to be less than the impact of similar effects due to fuel rod breached during handling in an inert-atmosphere facility. Preliminary temperature limits of 240{degree}C and 227{degree}C for a 2-week or 4-week handling period and 175{degree}C for 2-year lag storage would prevent breach propagation and fuel dispersal. Additional data that are needed to support the assumptions in this analysis or complete the database were identified.

Physical Description

Pages: (36 p)

Notes

OSTI; NTIS; INIS; GPO Dep.

Source

  • Focus '91: nuclear waste packaging, Las Vegas, NV (United States), 29 Sep - 4 Oct 1991

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  • Other: DE92002158
  • Report No.: PNL-SA-19867
  • Report No.: CONF-910945--2
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6371623
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1205111

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • September 1, 1991

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  • July 5, 2018, 11:11 p.m.

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  • July 26, 2018, 7:07 p.m.

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Einziger, R.E. Effects of an oxidizing atmosphere in a spent fuel packaging facility, article, September 1, 1991; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1205111/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.