Prediction of BWR performance under the influence of Isolation Condenser-using RAMONA-4 code

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The purpose of the Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) Isolation Condenser (IC) is to passively control the reactor pressure by removing heat from the system. This type of control is expected to reduce the frequency of opening and closing of the Safety Relief Valves (SRV). A comparative analysis is done for a BWR operating with and without the influence of an IC under Main Steam Isolation Valve (MSIV) closure. A regular BWR, with forced flow and high thermal power, has been considered for analysis. In addition, the effect of ICs on the BWR performance is studied for natural convection flow at ... continued below

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Pages: (20 p)

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Khan, H.J.; Cheng, H.S. & Rohatgi, U.S. January 1, 1992.

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The purpose of the Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) Isolation Condenser (IC) is to passively control the reactor pressure by removing heat from the system. This type of control is expected to reduce the frequency of opening and closing of the Safety Relief Valves (SRV). A comparative analysis is done for a BWR operating with and without the influence of an IC under Main Steam Isolation Valve (MSIV) closure. A regular BWR, with forced flow and high thermal power, has been considered for analysis. In addition, the effect of ICs on the BWR performance is studied for natural convection flow at lower power and modified riser geometry. The IC is coupled to the steam dome for the steam inlet flow and the Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) near the feed water entrance for the condensate return flow. Transient calculations are performed using prescribed pressure set points for the SRVs and given time settings for MSIV closure. The effect of the IC on the forced flow is to reduce the rate of pressure rise and thereby decrease the cycling frequency ofthe SRVS. This is the primary objective of any operating IC in a BWR (e.g. Oyster Creek). The response of the reactor thermal and fission power, steam flow rate, collapsed liquid level, and core average void fraction are found to agree with the trend of pressure. The variations in the case of an active IC can be closely related to the creation of a time lag and changes in the cycling frequency of the SRVS. An analysis for natural convection flow in a BWR indicates that the effect of an IC on its transient performance is similar to that for the forced convection system. In this case, the MSIV closure, has resulted in a lower peak pressure due to the magnitude of reduced power. However, the effect of reduced cycling frequency of the SRV due to the IC, and the time lag between the events, are comparable to that for forced convection.

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Pages: (20 p)

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OSTI; NTIS; INIS; GPO Dep.

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  • National conference and exposition on heat transfer, Atlanta, GA (United States), 8-11 Aug 1993

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  • Other: DE93007271
  • Report No.: BNL-NUREG-48415
  • Report No.: CONF-930830--3
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6757872
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1193359

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  • January 1, 1992

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  • July 3, 2018, 8:14 a.m.

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  • March 5, 2019, 1:09 p.m.

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Khan, H.J.; Cheng, H.S. & Rohatgi, U.S. Prediction of BWR performance under the influence of Isolation Condenser-using RAMONA-4 code, article, January 1, 1992; Upton, New York. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1193359/: accessed March 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.