Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China Page: 2
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Environmental Laws i, 2/23
Article 4 All units and individuals shall have the obligation to protect the marine environment and have the right to
watch for and report on actions causing pollution damages to the marine environment by any unit and individual,
as well as on the act of transgression of the law and neglect of duty by marine environment supervision and
Article 5 The competent administrative department in charge of environment protection under the State Council,
as a department to exercise unified supervision and administration over nation-wide marine environment
protection work, shall render guidance, co-ordination and supervision and be responsible for nation-wide
environment protection work to prevent and control marine pollution damages caused by land-based pollutants
and coastal construction projects.
The competent State Oceanic administrative department in charge of marine affairs shall be responsible for the
supervision and administration of the marine environment, organize survey, surveillance. supervision,
assessment and scientific research of the marine environment and be responsible for nation-wide environment
protection work to prevent and control marine pollution damages caused by marine construction projects and
dumping of wastes in the sea.
The competent State administrative department in charge of maritime affairs shall be responsible for the
supervision and administration of marine environment pollution caused by non-military vessels inside the port
waters and non-fishery vessels and non-military vessels outside the port waters under their jurisdiction, and be
responsible for the investigation and handling of the pollution accidents. In the event of a pollution caused by a
foreign vessel navigating, berthing and anchoring and operating in the sea area under the jurisdiction of the
People's Republic of China, officers in charge shall board the vessel in question to examine and handle the case.
Should a pollution accident caused by vessels result in fishery damages, the competent administrative
department in charge of fisheries shall be invited to take part in the investigation and handling of the accident.
The competent State administrative department in charge of fisheries shall be responsible for the supervision
and administration of marine environment pollution used by non-military vessels inside the fishing port waters
and the fishing vessels outside the fishing port waters, and be responsible for the protection of ecological
environment in the fishing zones and examine and handle fishery pollution cases beyond the pollution accidents
mentioned in the previous clause.
The environmental protection department of the Armed Forces shall be responsible for the supervision and
administration of marine pollution caused by military vessels and for the investigation and handling of the
The functions and responsibilities of the departments invested by the law with power to conduct marine
environment supervision and administration of the coastal local People's Governments above the county level
http://english.mep.gov.cn/Policies Regulations/laws/environmental laws/200710/t200... 2009-10-5
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Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, text, December 25, 1999; Beijing, China. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc11931/m1/2/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .