Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China Page: 1
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MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 2
THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
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Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China
Article type: Redistributed
(Adopted at the 11th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress
on December 26, 1989, promulgated by Order No. 22 of the President of the People's Republic of China
on December 26, 1989 and effective on the date of promulgation)
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1 This Law is formulated for the purpose of protecting and improving People's environment and the
ecological environment, preventing and controlling pollution and other public hazards, safeguarding human
health and facilitating the development of socialist modernization.
Article 2 "Environment" as used in this Law refers to the total body of all natural elements and artificially
transformed natural elements affecting human existence and development, which includes the atmosphere,
water, seas, land, minerals, forests, grasslands, wildlife, natural and human remains, nature reserves, historic
sites and scenic spots, and urban and rural areas.
Article 3 This Law shall apply to the territory of the People's Republic of China and other sea areas under the
jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.
Article 4 The plans for environmental protection formulated by the state must be incorporated into the national
economic and social development plans; the state shall adopt economic and technological polices and measures
favourable for environmental protection so as to coordinate the work of environmental protection with economic
construction and social development.
Article 5 The state shall encourage the development of education in the science of environmental protection,
strengthen the study and development of the science and technology of environmental protection, raise the
scientific and technological level of environmental protection and popularize scientific knowledge of
http://english.mep.gov.cn/PoliciesRegulations/laws/environmental laws/20071 0/t200... 2009-10-7
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[China] National People's Congress. Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, text, December 26, 1989; Beijing, China. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc11871/m1/1/: accessed June 2, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .