Dose assessment for sheep exposed to fallout from nuclear test Nancy

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Radiation doses were estimated for sheep wintering on Nevada ranges during the testing at the Nevada Test Site of the nuclear weapon Nancy on March 24, 1953. Exposure pathways considered were inhalation of radionuclides from both cloud passage and resuspension, external exposure of the total body and skin, and ingestion of contaminated forage and soil. Physiological, metabolic, and dosimetric data needed for these calculations were obtained from data appropriate for the sheep. Dose rate and radionuclide deposition values for shot Nancy were used. Radionuclide deposition and retention on the desert vegetation were obtained from data collected during several nuclear tests ... continued below

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Sasser, L.B.; Soldat, J.K.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr. & Murphy, D.W. October 1, 1982.

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Radiation doses were estimated for sheep wintering on Nevada ranges during the testing at the Nevada Test Site of the nuclear weapon Nancy on March 24, 1953. Exposure pathways considered were inhalation of radionuclides from both cloud passage and resuspension, external exposure of the total body and skin, and ingestion of contaminated forage and soil. Physiological, metabolic, and dosimetric data needed for these calculations were obtained from data appropriate for the sheep. Dose rate and radionuclide deposition values for shot Nancy were used. Radionuclide deposition and retention on the desert vegetation were obtained from data collected during several nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Existing dosimetric computer programs, whose libraries were modified to include the sheep data, and specially developed models were used to estimate the dose commitment for the sheep. The total-body dose for reference sheep located within the 40-mR/hr (H+12) isopleth from all modes of exposure was estimated to be 2.6 rad. Ingestion of fallout on edible vegetation contributed the majority of the dose, whereas inhalation of radionuclides and consumption of contaminated soil from the ground contributed little to the internal doses. The dose to the thyroid of ewes from radioiodine and other radionuclides reaching the thyroid was approximately 400 rad. The calculated uniform dose to the reticulo-rumen was 4 rad; however, if fallout particles were assumed to concentrate in the ventral rumen, a localized dose of 200 rad could have been received by the rumen wall. Estimated dose to the bare skin of ewes was 120 rad. The dose to the fetal thyroid from radioiodine ingested by a pregnant ewe grazing at a location where the dose rate was 40 mR/hr (H+12) was estimated to be 700 rad, or approximately twice the dose to the maternal thyroid.

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NTIS, PC A04/MF A01.

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  • Other: DE83001578
  • Report No.: PNL-4278
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/6728891 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6728891
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1186686

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  • October 1, 1982

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 3, 2018, 8:14 a.m.

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  • Feb. 22, 2019, 4:01 p.m.

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Sasser, L.B.; Soldat, J.K.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr. & Murphy, D.W. Dose assessment for sheep exposed to fallout from nuclear test Nancy, report, October 1, 1982; Richland, Washington. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1186686/: accessed March 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.