Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses Page: 62
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follows (a) Mathematics is a common problem in college students and a tool could diagnose
early issues; (b) The tool could pretest and posttest for testing interventions; (c) The test could
measure levels of anxiety and be used to aid "desensitization" treatments and develop normative
data for further research (p. 552). They concluded that the MARS instrument is an effective
assessment tool for use in investigating interventions in measuring mathematics anxiety and the
effect of interventions.
Hendel and Davis (1978) observed that mathematics anxiety may be a common variable
in poor mathematics performance. They investigated the effectiveness of an educational
intervention and a counseling intervention to decrease anxiety in a sample of 69 adult women
returning to college and found that the combination of the counseling intervention and course
enrollment maximized intervention effectiveness. They suggested that further research was
needed to explore the implications of mathematics anxiety and treatment options.
Alexander and Cobb (1984) further researched mathematics anxiety and attempted to
factor out dimensions of the MARS and determine whether personal and academic background
variables are predictors of mathematics anxiety. Using the MARS scale with 197 college
students, they factored 21 items; the top 2 were math test/course anxiety and numerical task
anxiety. Analysis of variance determined that students who had high grades in math courses and
had taken algebra II in high school had less mathematics anxiety. They suggested that early
interventions should be implemented to decrease mathematics anxiety in college students.
Alexander and Martray (1989) refined the rating scale using Alexander and Cobb's 1984
research on factors of the MARS and introduced a revised scale of 25 items. The mathematics
anxiety construct is used to explain mathematics performance issues (Alexander & Cobb, 1984;
Richardson & Suinn, 1972).
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Melius, Joyce. Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses, dissertation, May 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc115119/m1/70/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .