Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses Page: 61
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
stressed, tired, distracted, or frightened (Hughes & Edgerton, 2005; Oldridge et al., 2004;
Ulanimo et al., 2007; Wolf & Serembus, 2004).
Mathematics anxiety is defined as "feelings of tension and anxiety that interfere with the
manipulation of numbers and the solving of mathematical problems in a wide variety of ordinary
life and academic situations" (Richardson & Suinn, 1972, p. 551) and it may manifest itself in
avoidance of certain situations, including courses in math and statistics, in feelings of
inadequacy, or in added pressure and physiological symptoms (Betz, 1978; Richardson & Suinn,
1972). Mathematics anxiety is such a negative experience to some people that they actively and
purposely avoid mathematics situations (Alexander & Cobb, 1984). Richardson and Suinn
(1972) have noted that "it has been demonstrated that mathematics anxiety exists among many
individuals who do not ordinarily suffer from any other tensions" (p. 551).
Richardson and Suinn (1972) studied 397 college students and noted that "among
nonstudents, mathematics anxiety may be a contributor to tensions during routine or everyday
activities, such as handling money, balancing bank accounts, evaluating sales prices, or dividing
work loads" (p. 552). Mathematics anxiety is sometimes referred to as a phobia (Richardson &
Suinn, 1972), and "mathphobia as an irrational and impending dread of mathematics" (Lazarus
1974, as cited in Hendel & Davis, 1978, p. 429).
Richardson and Suinn (1972), among early researchers who defined mathematics anxiety,
were instrumental in establishing normative data, reliability, and validity of the Mathematics
Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS), a 98-item, psychometric scale to measure mathematics anxiety
specifically. The research before Richardson and Suinn's (1972) study differentiated
mathematics anxiety from test anxiety and social evaluative anxiety (Suinn, 1968; Watson &
Friend, 1969). Richardson and Suinn suggested the usefulness of measuring mathematics as
Here’s what’s next.
This dissertation can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Dissertation.
Melius, Joyce. Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses, dissertation, May 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc115119/m1/69/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .