Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses Page: 18
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this study evaluates the possible relationships between the LVN and RN related to mathematics
Hypothesis 4. RNs will perform significantly better on a medication calculation test than
In a study by Porter-Wenzlaff and Froman (2008), the authors discussed how the LVN
differs from the RN in that many LVNs have disadvantaged personal and academic backgrounds,
lower grades in high school and college, and English may not be their first language. Many
LVNs do not see themselves as college candidates, and their family background may have a
limited number of people who attended college. The LVN's exposure to critical thinking,
advanced vocabulary, and complex concepts may be limited due to family and personal
experiences. These factors were related by the authors by challenges to success in a RN-BSN
The above factors may also influence the ability of LVNs to perform mathematics, and
they may experience different levels of comfort and confidence in testing, calculation, and
medication administration. Mathematics anxiety does not seem to have a single cause; the nurses
may have different levels of anxiety because they do not handle frustration well, have low self-
esteem, do not understand mathematic concepts, and have been influenced by family, teachers,
and peers and their beliefs and attitudes about mathematics (Godbey, 1997). The RN has more
education in mathematics and critical thinking and is the person who supervises the LVN; this
may influence their mathematics anxiety levels. Current literature does not investigate the
differences between the types of nurse in regards to mathematics anxiety or self-efficacy.
However, considering the differences in the LVN and RN related to education, licensure, and
responsibilities, this is worthy of investigation.
Hypothesis 5. RNs will have less mathematics anxiety than LVNs.
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Melius, Joyce. Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses, dissertation, May 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc115119/m1/26/: accessed February 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .