Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses Page: 15
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Stressful requirements can be related to mathematic anxiety and perceptions of ability math self-
efficacy. They suggest the need for more research to validate this connection.
Mathematics anxiety and mathematics self-efficacy were indicated as contributors to
student mathematics competency (Middleton & Spanias, 1999). If people cannot perform
mathematics problems successfully, their self-esteem and confidence are affected (Ho et al.,
2000). Mathematics anxiety has been extensively discussed in the literature and the construct
established; however, more research needs to be done that may link it with mathematics self-
efficacy, and the combination of mathematics anxiety and mathematics self-efficacy may help
guide mathematics instruction and training to find solutions or interventions to improve
mathematics performance (Ho et al., 2000).
Hypothesis 3. The perceptions of mathematics anxiety and the perceptions of nurse self-
efficacy for mathematics are negatively related.
Type of Nurse
Research findings have not found significant differences in the calculation abilities of
nurses versus nursing students. Several studies use the term nurse and define it as RN and may
delineate the college degree type in the demographics, but the type of nurse used in most studies
is not clear. American hospitals hire licensed vocational (Practical) nurses (LVNs), and
registered nurses (RNs) ,and the studies may include both types of nurses. Studies have not
investigated directly the possible differences in LVN and RN performance of medication
calculations or mathematics skill, including factors contributing to or detracting from
performance. However, one study looked at RNs and how their experience and education level
related to their medication performance on a test and in the number of medication errors
(Calliari, 1995). Calliari found a significant association between the RNs' level of education and
the number of medication errors (p < 0.05) and that if RNs passed the medication test in nursing
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Melius, Joyce. Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses, dissertation, May 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc115119/m1/23/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .