Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses Page: 12
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nurse will approach or avoid the tasks and whether the nurse will persist or desist to task
completion as described in elements of motivation and performance expectations in Bandura's
(1977) self-efficacy model.
Mathematics anxiety is linked to the medication calculation performance of nursing
students and nurses. Roykenes and Larsen (2010) studied 116 baccalaureate nursing students and
determined that there was a relationship between previous mathematic likes/dislikes and self-
assessment of mathematic ability. An additional finding indicated that the student's requirement
of getting 100% on the test was anxiety producing and that the anxiety was higher for students
who had done poorly in mathematics prior to college.
In 1991 Bayne and Bindler studied 110 nurses and determined that there was a significant
relationship between the nurses' comfort level and medication calculation ability (F 13.0518, p <
0.001). The comfort level showed significant differences between the categories of comfort and
calculation ability (comfort level above average and below average, p = 0.0001; above average
and average, p = 0.0060; average and below average, p = 0.0029).
Ashby (1997) studied 62 practicing medical-surgical nurses and found that fewer than
20% of the nurses rated their skill as above average, but 43.5% scored 90% or higher, and almost
60% of the nurses reported that the medication calculation and administration was a stress-
producing task. She concluded that because 56.4% of the nurses in the sample could not pass a
calculation test at 90% there is an urgent continued need to reevaluate the medication calculation
ability of practicing nurses and also to research ways to enhance remediation processes.
Confidence levels and the stress of doing calculations may be mathematics anxiety. Improving
skill levels may decrease perceived stress.
Through investigation of the underlying system and acknowledging the human and latent
Here’s what’s next.
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Melius, Joyce. Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses, dissertation, May 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc115119/m1/20/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .