College of Music Program Book 2011-2012: Ensemble & Other Performances, Volume 1 Page: 71
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American Salute (1943) combines Morton Gould's unique Americanism in his music and
an endless wealth of creativity. In American Salute he uses "When Johnny Comes Marching
Home Again" as his only thematic material. He contrives a brilliant fantasy which reflects
Gould's uncanny skill in thematic development. Written, quite literally, the night before it
was performed, American Salute has become a favorite for both orchestra and wind band.
Charles Ives (1874-1954) was the son of a Civil War bandmaster and is regarded as the
first great American composer of the twentieth century. Encouraged by his father, Ives
experimented with all kinds of music and acoustic sounds. He studied at Yale with Horatio
Parker, but became an insurance executive instead of a professional musician. On making this
decision Ives wrote, "Assuming a man lives by himself with no dependents, he might write
music that no one would play prettily, listen to, or buy. But if he has a nice wife and some
nice children, how can he let them starve on his own dissonances?" Well in advance of the
then-current style, Ives experimented with polytonality, atonality, polymetric patterns, tone
clusters, and microtones. Mixed with these were American hymn tunes, patriotic melodies,
and ragtime, all together in a style that was both imaginative and daring. His compositions
span a time frame of more than forty years, and include works for orchestra, chamber
ensemble, organ and piano solo, band, and voice.
Variations on America (1890/1969) is a witty, irreverent piece for organ which Ives
composed when he was sixteen. According to his biographers, Henry and Sidney Cowell,
it was played by Ives in organ recitals in Danbury and in Brewster, New York, in the same
year. At the Brewster concert his father would not let him play the pages which included
canons in two and three keys at once because they were "unsuited to performance in church
- they made the boys laugh out and get noisy." This is Ives' earliest surviving piece using
polytonality. William Schuman wrote a most effective orchestra transcription of this work
in 1964, and it is this version upon which William Rhoads based his band transcription.
Frank Ticheli (b. 1958) received his doctoral and master degrees in composition from
the University of Michigan. Ticheli is well-known for his works for wind band, many of
which have become standards in the repertoire. In addition to composing, he has appeared
as guest conductor of his music at many American universities and music festivals, and in
cities throughout the world.
Ticheli was the winner of the 2006 National Band Association's William D. Revelli
Memorial Band Composition Contest for his Symphony No. 2. Other awards for his music
include the Charles Ives and the Goddard Lieberson awards, both from the American
Academy of Arts and Letters, the Walter Beeler Memorial Prize, and first prize awards in
the Texas Sesquicentennial Orchestral Composition Competition, Britten-on-the-Bay Choral
Composition Contest, and Virginia College Band Directors National Association Symposium
for New Band Music. In 1991, he joined the faculty of the University of Southern California's
Thornton School of Music, where he is professor of composition.
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University of North Texas. College of Music. College of Music Program Book 2011-2012: Ensemble & Other Performances, Volume 1, book, 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc114723/m1/72/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Music Library.