College of Music Program Book 2011-2012: Ensemble & Other Performances, Volume 1 Page: 70
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John Williams (b. 1932) was born in New York and moved to Los Angeles with his family
in 1948. He attended UCLA and studied composition privately with Mario Castelnuovo-
Tedesco. After service in the Air Force, Mr. Williams returned to New York to attend the
Juilliard School, where he studied piano with Madame Rosina Lhevinne. While in New
York, he also worked as a jazz pianist, both in clubs and on recordings. He then returned to
Los Angeles, where he began his career in the film industry, working with such composers
as Bernard Herrmann, Alfred Newman, and Franz Waxman. In January 1980, Williams was
named the nineteenth conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra since its founding in 1885. He
assumed the title of Boston Pops conductor laureate, following his retirement in December
1993. He currently holds the title of artist-in-residence at Tanglewood. Williams has written
many concert pieces, including a symphony, a sinfonietta for wind ensemble, as well as
separate concertos for violin, cello, flute, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, and tuba. His awards
include: five Academy Awards, seventeen Grammys, three Golden Globes and two Emmys.
The Star Spangled Banner (1814), arranged by John Williams, was written for the Rose
Bowl ceremonies held on January 1, 2004. The composer offers the following comments
about the arrangement:
When I was invited to conduct the combined bands at the 2004 Rose Bowl
ceremonies in Pasadena, California, it was suggested that I arrange our anthem
for the occasion. I accepted with pleasure and a sense of privilege. I have always
thought of "The Star Spangled Banner" as being primarily a vocal piece, having
heard so many outstanding and highly individual performances done by singers. I
feel that an increased variety of instrumental versions might in some way reflect the
healthy and still growing diversity of our great country as we, each in our different
ways, embrace this grand old tune, which continues to unify us all. For myself, the
project has been a joy.
Morton Gould (1913-1996) was recognized early in life as a child prodigy with the ability
to improvise and compose. His first composition was published at the age of six and by the
age of eight he was given a scholarship to the Institute of Musical Arts, the forerunner to The
Juilliard School. Gould studied theory and composition with Dr. Vincent Jones, and piano
with Abby Whiteside, before flourishing as a composer, conductor, pianist, and recording
artist. In addition to collaborating with ballet choreographers Jerome Robbins, Agnes de
Mille, and George Balanchine, he also wrote music for radio, film, and television. Gould was
the recipient of several awards, including a Grammy award in 1966, the Kennedy Center
Honor in 1994, and the Pulitzer Prize in Music in 1995.
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University of North Texas. College of Music. College of Music Program Book 2011-2012: Ensemble & Other Performances, Volume 1, book, 2012; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc114723/m1/71/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Music Library.