After-Death Communication: A Typology of Therapeutic Benefits Page: 154
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JOURNAL OF NEAR-DEATH STUDIES
dational work of psychologist Allan Botkin (2000), who developed
the technique of Induced ADC (IADC) through his extensive clini-
cal work using eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. In a
recent study employing IADC within a psychotherapeutic context, 71
participants were assessed for grief symptoms, coping behaviors, and
existential beliefs, prior to a two-session treatment protocol and then
again both immediately following treatment and at six-month follow-
up. Analyses revealed significant improvements in all three areas.
Participants were also significantly less angry and depressed in both
post-treatment periods compared to pre-treatment (Hannah, Botkin,
Marrone, & Streit-Horn, 2013). Botkin and Moe Hannah (2013) also
found their sample of 16 therapists trained in Botkin's IADC reported
the technique to be "between 'much better' and 'dramatically better'
than other therapies used to treat grief" (p. 223). Combined, such find-
ings support the contention of beneficial implications following experi-
ences of ADC.
The beneficial impact of ADC is well established, but less so are the
reasons why ADC catalyzes such positive aftereffects, although some
authors have speculated (e.g., Arcangel, 2005; Botkin, 2000; Hastings
et al., 2002; Kalish & Reynolds, 1973). The purpose of this study there-
fore was to build on previous ADC literature and offer a foundational
qualitative understanding of some of the reasons for ADCs' benefits.
We recruited participants via a snowballing technique and through
our established professional networks. We extended an invitation to
adults who were fluent in English and who had had the experience
of contact with a deceased loved one to participate in an interview
about the experience(s) and aftereffects. Once we identified partici-
pants, we verbally informed them about the study, invited them to
take part, and provided them with additional information via email.
Participants who wished to proceed with an interview were invited
to email co-author McCormick, after which she replied by email with
potential interview questions and scheduled the interviews. Inter-
views were conducted face-to-face when possible and by Skype when
necessary. The interview technique was semi-structured, and verbal
prompts were given when required to elicit more information (Break-
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McCormick, B. M. E. & Tassell-Matamua, Natasha A. After-Death Communication: A Typology of Therapeutic Benefits, article, Spring 2016; Durham, North Carolina. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1125220/m1/4/: accessed March 31, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .