Agent-based Distance Vector Routing: A Resource Efficient and Scalable approach to Routing in Large Communication Networks Page: 10
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Fig. 4. Population Control using Node Pheromones
related to each other. It was observed that a large agent population has a
significantly lower convergence time owing to its parallelism. Although low
convergence time is desirable, it has other side effects. A larger agent popula-
tion has a significantly larger average message overhead because a substantial
number of agents traverse the network concurrently imposing resource require-
ments on the network. For scalable systems, the average overhead should be
as low as possible. Therefore it is apparent that significantly large agent pop-
ulations, resulting in high average overhead hamper the scalability of ADVR.
On the other hand, a very small agent population will hinder the performance
of ADVR, in terms of convergence times and reactivity to the dynamic be-
havior of networks. Hence, we shall strive for an optimal agents population
for a given network that results in acceptable path-cost convergence without
producing excessive average overhead. It can be observed from Figure 3 that
for such an optimal agent population the difference in the normalized con-
vergence time and normalized average overhead would be minimum. Hence
in the given example 15 agents would result in an optimal trade-off between
convergence time and resource overhead. However, the unpredictable behavior
of dynamic networks makes it very difficult to estimate a priori, the value of
this optimal population. Thus, it is necessary that an adaptive multi-agent
system dynamically alters the agent population in response to its resource
Changing the agent population dynamically in response to its environment (re-
sources) is a non-trivial issue in the absence of a central controller. Individual
agents lacking a bird's eye view of the system are unable to make global assess-
ments regarding the environment in terms of resource availability. Therefore,
it requires a high degree of coordination among agents to analyze the global
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Amin, Kaizar A. & Mikler, Armin R. Agent-based Distance Vector Routing: A Resource Efficient and Scalable approach to Routing in Large Communication Networks, article, March 25, 2002; [New York, New York]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111275/m1/10/: accessed September 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Engineering.