Imperial Valley environmental project: air quality assessment

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Description

The potential impact on air quality of geothermal development in California's Imperial Valley is assessed. The assessment is based on the predictions of numerical atmospheric transport models. Emission rates derived from analyses of the composition of geothermal fluids in the region and meteorological data taken at six locations in the valley over a 1-yr period were used as input to the models. Scenarios based on 3000 MW, 2000 MW, 500 MW, and 100 MW of power production are considered. Hydrogen sulfide is the emission of major concern. Our calculations predict that at the 3000-MW level (with no abatement), the California ... continued below

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Pages: 21

Creation Information

Ermak, D.L.; Nyholm, R.A. & Gudiksen, P.H. April 4, 1979.

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  • Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
    Publisher Info: California Univ., Livermore (USA). Lawrence Livermore Lab.
    Place of Publication: Livermore, California

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Description

The potential impact on air quality of geothermal development in California's Imperial Valley is assessed. The assessment is based on the predictions of numerical atmospheric transport models. Emission rates derived from analyses of the composition of geothermal fluids in the region and meteorological data taken at six locations in the valley over a 1-yr period were used as input to the models. Scenarios based on 3000 MW, 2000 MW, 500 MW, and 100 MW of power production are considered. Hydrogen sulfide is the emission of major concern. Our calculations predict that at the 3000-MW level (with no abatement), the California 1-h standard for H{sub 2}S(42 {mu}g/m{sup 3}) would be violated at least 1% of the time over an area of approximately 1500 km{sup 2} (about 1/3 of the valley area). The calculations indicate that an H{sub 2}S emission rate below 0.8 g/s per 100-MW unit is needed to avoid violations of the standard beyond a distance of 1 km from the source. Emissions of ammonia, carbon dioxide, mercury, and radon are not expected to produce significant ground level concentrations, nor is the atmospheric conversion of hydrogen sulfide to sulfur dioxide expected to result in significant SO{sub 2} levels.

Physical Description

Pages: 21

Notes

Dep. NTIS, PC A02/MF A01.

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  • Report No.: UCRL-52699
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/6271519 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6271519
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1112476

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • April 4, 1979

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 22, 2018, 7:45 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • May 8, 2018, 12:19 p.m.

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Ermak, D.L.; Nyholm, R.A. & Gudiksen, P.H. Imperial Valley environmental project: air quality assessment, report, April 4, 1979; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1112476/: accessed December 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.