Brightness limitations in multi-kiloampere electron beam sources

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Heuristic relationships such as the Lawson-Penner criterion, used to scale Free Electron Laser (FEL) amplifier gain and efficiency over orders of magnitude in beam current and brightness, have no fundamental basis. The brightness of a given source is set by practical design choices such as peak voltage, cathode type, gun electrode geometry, and focusing field topology. The design of low emittance, high current electron guns has received considerable attention at Livermore over the past few years. The measured brightnesses of the Experimental Test Accelerator (ETA) and Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) guns are less than predicted with the EBQ gun design ... continued below

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Pages: 22

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Barletta, W.A.; Boyd, J.K.; Paul, A.C. & Prono, D.S. August 24, 1984.

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Description

Heuristic relationships such as the Lawson-Penner criterion, used to scale Free Electron Laser (FEL) amplifier gain and efficiency over orders of magnitude in beam current and brightness, have no fundamental basis. The brightness of a given source is set by practical design choices such as peak voltage, cathode type, gun electrode geometry, and focusing field topology. The design of low emittance, high current electron guns has received considerable attention at Livermore over the past few years. The measured brightnesses of the Experimental Test Accelerator (ETA) and Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) guns are less than predicted with the EBQ gun design code; this discrepancy is due to plasma effects from the present cold, plasma cathode in the code. The EBQ code is well suited to exploring the current limits of gridless relativistic Pierce columns with moderate current density (<50 A/cm/sup 2/) at the cathode. As EBQ uses a steady-state calculation it is not amenable for study of transient phenomena at the beam head. For this purpose, a Darwin approximation code, DPC, has been written. The main component in our experimental cathode development effort is a readily modified electron gun that will allow us to test many candidate cathode materials, types and electrode geometries at field stresses up to 1 MV/cm. 6 references, 6 figures.

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Pages: 22

Notes

NTIS, PC A02/MF A01; 1.

Source

  • Free electron laser conference, Castelgandolfo, Italy, 3 Sep 1984

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  • Other: DE84017417
  • Report No.: UCRL-90914
  • Report No.: CONF-8409144-1
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6226155
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1109530

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • August 24, 1984

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 22, 2018, 7:45 p.m.

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  • March 27, 2018, 7:01 p.m.

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Barletta, W.A.; Boyd, J.K.; Paul, A.C. & Prono, D.S. Brightness limitations in multi-kiloampere electron beam sources, article, August 24, 1984; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1109530/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.