The use of total detriment in radiation protection and its potential extension to other hazards

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Before publication of the 1977 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), radiation protection standards were based on dose limits to single organs. These dose limits were only loosely linked to the expected effects in the first two generations from gonadal doses and to the risk of fatal cancer from doses to specific organs. In 1977, the ICRP recommended the use of the effective dose equivalent (EDE),'' which is a method of summing the doses (weighted with relative risk coefficients) to all organs and tissues, and recommended an annual limit for EDE. Since the 1977 recommendations were published, ... continued below

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Pages: (16 p)

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Johnson, J.R.; Stansbury, P.S. & Selby, J.M. October 1, 1991.

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Before publication of the 1977 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), radiation protection standards were based on dose limits to single organs. These dose limits were only loosely linked to the expected effects in the first two generations from gonadal doses and to the risk of fatal cancer from doses to specific organs. In 1977, the ICRP recommended the use of the effective dose equivalent (EDE),'' which is a method of summing the doses (weighted with relative risk coefficients) to all organs and tissues, and recommended an annual limit for EDE. Since the 1977 recommendations were published, a total risk'' or total detriment approach has been extended to include nonfatal cancers and genetic effects for all subsequent generations, i.e., the total health detriment from low doses of ionizing radiation. This paper discusses the development of this total health detriment from ionizing radiation exposures, and explores potential methods for using it with other hazards (such as exposures to other physical agents, hazardous chemicals, and fatal and nonfatal accidents) in calculating the total detriment to a worker.

Physical Description

Pages: (16 p)

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OSTI; NTIS; INIS; GPO Dep.

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  • 30. Hanford symposium on health and the environment: current topics in occupational health, Richland, WA (United States), 29 Oct - 1 Nov 1991

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  • Other: DE92004510
  • Report No.: PNL-SA-19545
  • Report No.: CONF-911043--5
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6026985
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1103282

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 1, 1991

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  • Feb. 18, 2018, 3:59 p.m.

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  • April 20, 2018, 12:52 p.m.

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Johnson, J.R.; Stansbury, P.S. & Selby, J.M. The use of total detriment in radiation protection and its potential extension to other hazards, article, October 1, 1991; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1103282/: accessed June 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.