Transient visual evoked neuromagnetic responses: Identification of multiple sources

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Neuromagnetic measurements and associated modeling procedures must be able to resolve multiple sources in order to localize and accurately characterize the generators of visual evoked neuromagnetic activity. Workers have identified at least 11 areas in the macaque, throughout occipital, parietal, and temporal cortex, which are primarily or entirely visual in function. The surface area of the human occipital lobe is estimated to be 150--250cm. Primary visual cortex covers approximately 26cm/sup 2/ while secondary visual areas comprise the remaining area. For evoked response amplitudes typical of human MEG data, one report estimates that a two-dipole field may be statistically distinguishable from ... continued below

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Pages: 5

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Aine, C.; George, J.; Medvick, P.; Flynn, E.; Bodis-Wollner, I. & Supek, S. January 1, 1989.

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Neuromagnetic measurements and associated modeling procedures must be able to resolve multiple sources in order to localize and accurately characterize the generators of visual evoked neuromagnetic activity. Workers have identified at least 11 areas in the macaque, throughout occipital, parietal, and temporal cortex, which are primarily or entirely visual in function. The surface area of the human occipital lobe is estimated to be 150--250cm. Primary visual cortex covers approximately 26cm/sup 2/ while secondary visual areas comprise the remaining area. For evoked response amplitudes typical of human MEG data, one report estimates that a two-dipole field may be statistically distinguishable from that of a single dipole when the separation is greater than 1--2 cm. Given the estimated expanse of cortex devoted to visual processes, along with this estimate of resolution limits it is likely that MEG can resolve sources associated with activity in multiple visual areas. Researchers have noted evidence for the existence of multiple sources when presenting visual stimuli in a half field; however, they did not attempt to localize them. We have examined numerous human MEG field patterns resulting from different visual field placements of a small sinusoidal grating which suggest the existence of multiple sources. The analyses we have utilized for resolving multiple sources in these studies differ depending on whether there was evidence of (1) synchronous activation of two spatially discrete sources or (2) two discrete asynchronous sources. In some cases we have observed field patterns which appear to be adequately explained by a single source changing its orientation and location across time. 4 refs., 2 figs.

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Pages: 5

Notes

NTIS, PC A02/MF A01 - OSTI; 1.

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  • 7. international conference on biomagnetism, New York, NY, USA, 14-18 Aug 1989

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  • Other: DE89013438
  • Report No.: LA-UR-89-1729
  • Report No.: CONF-890849-1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5941988
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1101108

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  • January 1, 1989

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  • Feb. 18, 2018, 3:59 p.m.

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  • March 20, 2018, 8:07 p.m.

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Aine, C.; George, J.; Medvick, P.; Flynn, E.; Bodis-Wollner, I. & Supek, S. Transient visual evoked neuromagnetic responses: Identification of multiple sources, article, January 1, 1989; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1101108/: accessed May 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.