Railgun conductor heating from multiple current pulses

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Description

A numerical technique for solving current- and thermal-diffusion problems in railgun conductors has been used to study joule heating in rails that are subject to multiple current pulses. Copper rails that are 25 mm high by the 12.5 mm wide with a 20-mm-square bore and a current pulse with 1-MA peak current and 1-ms pulse width at half maximum were assumed. This combination of parameters is sufficient to accelerate an 80-g projectile to 2-3 km/s with which current pulse. Three parameters were varied in the analysis: the repetition rate or current pulse frequency (3.3 to 100 Hz), the coolant heat-transfer ... continued below

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Pages: 7

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Kerrisk, J.F. January 1, 1986.

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Description

A numerical technique for solving current- and thermal-diffusion problems in railgun conductors has been used to study joule heating in rails that are subject to multiple current pulses. Copper rails that are 25 mm high by the 12.5 mm wide with a 20-mm-square bore and a current pulse with 1-MA peak current and 1-ms pulse width at half maximum were assumed. This combination of parameters is sufficient to accelerate an 80-g projectile to 2-3 km/s with which current pulse. Three parameters were varied in the analysis: the repetition rate or current pulse frequency (3.3 to 100 Hz), the coolant heat-transfer coefficient (5 x 10/sup 4/ and 5 x 10/sup 5/ W/m/sup 2/ .K), and the coolant channel distribution in the rail. Detailed results are used to illustrate the acceptability or unacceptability of particular combinations of these parameters for operation at steady state. An uncooled rail was not acceptable for steady-state operation. Repetition rates of about 30 Hz were acceptable with the higher coolant heat-transfer coefficient and the best coolant-channel distribution; this included cooling the rail exterior surface.

Physical Description

Pages: 7

Notes

NTIS, PC A02/MF A01; 1.

Source

  • 3. symposium on electromagnetic launch technology, Austin, TX, USA, 20 Apr 1986

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  • Other: DE86008724
  • Report No.: LA-UR-86-815
  • Report No.: CONF-8604147-4
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5933168
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1099508

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • January 1, 1986

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 18, 2018, 3:59 p.m.

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  • May 30, 2018, 1:15 p.m.

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Kerrisk, J.F. Railgun conductor heating from multiple current pulses, article, January 1, 1986; New Mexico. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1099508/: accessed March 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.